Robert Henry De Niro, better known as Robert De Niro, Sr. (May 3, 1922 - May 3, 1993) was an American abstract expressionist painter and the father of actor Robert De Niro.
Robert De Niro, Sr., was born in Syracuse, New York, to an Italian American father, Henry Martin De Niro (1897–1976), whose parents emigrated from Ferrazzano, in the province of Campobasso, Molise, and an Irish American mother, Helen M. (née O'Reilly; 1899–1999). He was the eldest of three children; he and siblings John and Joan were raised in Syracuse, New York.
De Niro studied at the renowned Black Mountain College under Josef Albers from 1939 to 1940. While Albers' highly analytical approach to painting did not appeal to De Niro's more instinctive style, the experience and international perspective of the Bauhaus master nonetheless left a lasting impression. De Niro studied with Hans Hofmann at his Provincetown, Massachusetts summer school. Hofmann's teaching, focused on Abstract Expressionism and Cubist formalism, had a strong influence on De Niro's development as a mature artist.
At Hofmann's summer school, he met fellow student Virginia Admiral, whom he married in 1942. The couple moved into a large, airy loft in New York's Greenwich Village, where they were able to paint. They surrounded themselves with an illustrious circle of friends, including writers Anaïs Nin and Henry Miller, playwright Tennessee Williams, and the actress and famous Berlin dancer Valeska Gert. Admiral and De Niro separated shortly after their son, Robert De Niro, Jr., was born in August 1943.
After studying with Hans Hofmann in New York and Provincetown and Josef Albers at Black Mountain College, North Carolina in the late 1930s and early 1940s, De Niro worked for five years at Hilla Rebay’s legendary Museum of Non-Objective Art. In 1945, he was included in a group show at Peggy Guggenheim’s Art of This Century in New York, which was a leading gallery for the art of both established European modernists and members of the emerging Abstract Expressionist group like Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Robert Motherwell and Clyfford Still. De Niro had his first solo exhibition at Peggy Guggenheim's gallery in April and May of the following year. At that point, he was primarily working in an abstract manner, often with figural references. Much of his work from this period was lost in a studio fire in 1949.
De Niro had a series of solo exhibitions in the 1950s at the Charles Egan Gallery in New York, which exhibited the work of Willem de Kooning and other early abstract expressionist artists. Critics praised De Niro’s compositions filled with improvised areas of vibrant color that gave way to loosely painted still lifes and curvaceous nudes. By the mid-1950s, De Niro was regularly included in important group exhibitions such as the Whitney Annual, the Stable Annual, and the Jewish Museum. He was awarded a Longview Foundation award in 1958.
From 1961 to 1964, De Niro traveled to France to paint in Paris and in the surrounding countryside. Collector Joseph Hirshhorn purchased a number of the artist's paintings and works on paper during this period through De Niro's gallerist, Virginia Zabriskie, which are now in the permanent collection of the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington, DC. In 1968, he was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship.
Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, De Niro continued to exhibit in museums and galleries throughout the United States, including New York, San Francisco, Kansas City, Los Angeles, and Washington, D.C. He taught at several art schools and colleges including the Cooper Union, the New School for Social Research and the School of Visual Arts. De Niro was a visiting artist at Michigan State University's Department of Art in the spring of 1974.
His work is included in several museum collections including: Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Arkansas Arts Center, Brooklyn Museum, Baltimore Museum of Art, The Butler Institute of American Art, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Crocker Art Museum, The Denver Art Museum,The Heckscher Museum of Art, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Kansas City Art Institute, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the National Academy Museum, Mint Museum, Parrish Art Museum, Provincetown Art Association and Museum, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Weatherspoon Art Museum, Whitney Museum of American Art, Yale University Art Gallery, and the Yellowstone Museum Art Center.
DC Moore Gallery represents the Estate of Robert De Niro, Sr. The first exhibition of his works at the gallery was in April 2012. In June 2014, "Robert De Niro, Sr. Paintings and Drawings, 1948 -1989" opened at DC Moore Gallery.
Robert De Niro, Sr., died of cancer on the morning of May 3, 1993 (his 71st birthday) at his Manhattan home. He is interred at Kensico Cemetery in Valhalla, New York.
The 1993 film A Bronx Tale was dedicated to De Niro, Sr., after his death; it was the directorial debut of De Niro, Jr.
In 2010, De Niro, Jr., announced the creation of the Robert De Niro, Sr., Prize, an annual $25,000 prize administered by the Tribeca Film Institute and funded by De Niro, Jr., that "focuses on a mid-career American artist devoted to the pursuit of excellence and innovation in painting". Past winners include Stanley Whitney, Joyce Pensato, and Catherine Murphy.
De Niro, Sr., is the subject of the 2014 short documentary Remembering the Artist, in which "his life and career are chronicled in the artist's own words by his contemporaries" and De Niro, Jr. According to De Niro, Jr., "The thought of what he’s done, all his work, I can’t not but make sure that it’s held up and remembered... So I just want to see him get his due. That’s my responsibility and he used to always say that artists are always recognized after they’re long gone".
Robert Henry De Niro Sr (Syracuse, 17 gennaio 1922 - New York, 3 maggio 1993) è stato un pittore, poeta e scultore Statunitense di origine italiana. È il padre dell'attore Robert De Niro.
Figlio dell'italo-americano Henry Martin De Niro (1897-1976) e dell'irlandese Helen O'Reilly (1899-1999), i nonni paterni erano Giovannino Di Niro e Angelina Mercurio, che emigrarono da Ferrazzano in provincia di Campobasso alla volta dell’America nel 1890. Trasferitisi a New York diedero alla luce tre figli: tra essi vi fu Henry Martin.
Dal matrimonio di Henry Martin con Helen O'Reilly nacquero Jack, Robert Henry e Giovanna.
De Niro Sr ha studiato pittura e lavorato presso numerosi musei: appassionato d'arte fin dalla giovane età, mentre era ancora al liceo, frequentò corsi d'arte presso il Museo di Syracuse, dove gli era stata fornita una stanza privata dove poteva dipingere in maniera autonoma.
Tra il 1939-1941 studiò con il pittore espressionista tedesco Hans Hoffmann e frequentò il Black Mountain College di Asheville.
Durante gli studi alla scuola estiva Provincetown, De Niro Sr incontrò la pittrice Virginia Admiral, che sposò nel 1942. La coppia si trasferì a New York, nel Greenwich Village, dove entrambi continuarono a dipingere, frequentando anche la loro cerchia di amici illustri: gli scrittori Anais Nin e Henry Miller, il commediografo Tennessee Williams, e la famosa attrice e ballerina Valeska Gert.
Admiral e De Niro si separarono poco dopo che nacque il loro figlio, Robert De Niro, nato nel 1943.
Nel 1945 Robert Henry De Niro espose le proprie opere per la prima volta al ‘Fall Salon at Art of This Century’, a New York. Seguirono numerose personali in importanti sedi espositive statunitensi, di cui la prima fu nel 1946 presso galleria di Peggy Guggenheim, Art of This Century, a New York, fino a che nei primi anni cinquanta, divenne noto per le forme particolari di Espressionismo Astratto, insieme ad altri artisti, come Larry Rivers, altro allievo di Hans Hoffmann e Lester Johnson, uno dei pionieri della pittura Espressionista Americana.
Nel 1960, De Niro Sr, in cerca di nuova ispirazione, abbandò New York per Parigi. Il suo lavoro continuò ad evolversi e maturare, soggiornò a Parigi, Gravigny, Baren, e St. Just-en-Chevalet: Joseph Hirshhorn acquistò da lui più di cinquanta pitture ad olio e lavori su carta. Nel 1968 gli venne assegnato il ‘Guggenheim Fellowship’, mentre dal 1967 al 1975 insegnò alla ‘State University of New York’, ‘Cooper Union’, ‘the New School for Social Research’,‘the School of Visual Arts’, e ‘East Michigan State College’.
La sua attività d’artista continuò con una serie di mostre negli Usa ed in Inghilterra. È del 1990 la personale alla ‘Staempfli Gallery’, New York. Nel 1992 riceve l’‘Honorary Degree’ al ‘Briarwood College’.
De Niro Sr nella sua lunga carriera di artista ha sperimentato varie tendenze, dall'Espressionismo all'Astrattismo, fino a una personale e spiccata riconoscibilità figurativa, ricevendo riconoscimenti dai più importanti critici e scrittori come Clement Greenberg, Fairfield Porter e Frank O’Hara che ne hanno apprezzato le opere.
Il clima politico e culturale mutato a metà degli anni '60 e ed il sopravvento della Pop Art sono fenomeni che eclissarono molti artisti che lavoravano in una vena più tradizionale. Anche se il successo commerciale dei suoi contemporanei era maggiore, De Niro Sr., ha continuato la sua brillante esplorazione del colore e della forma fino alla sua scomparsa, lasciando dietro di un'opera vibrante che è inclusa nelle collezioni museali quali: l'Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, e la Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, il Metropolitan Museum of Art, il Whitney Museum of American Art e il Museum of Modern Art a New York.
De Niro Sr muore il 3 maggio 1993 a New York per un cancro alla prostata.
Nel 1995, suo figlio, l'attore Robert De Niro, insieme a sua madre, Virginia Admiral, hanno onorato il pittore sostenendo una mostra delle sue opere presso la Galleria Salander-O'Reilly di New York.