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Georges Maroniez | Landscapes with figures painter

Georges Philibert Charles Maroniez (17 January 1865, Douai - 11 December 1933, Paris) was a French painter, specializing in landscapes with figures.
  • Education and first works
Maroniez was the son of an industrialist who owned a sugar refinery in Montigny-en-Ostrevent. He displayed artistic talent at an early age, but - although not discouraged - was expected to pursue a more professional career.
Accordingly, he studied law, and afterwards served as a magistrate in, successively, Boulogne-sur-Mer (1891), Avesnes-sur-Helpe (1894) and Cambrai (1897).

While attending law school, he also took courses at the École des Beaux-Arts of Douai and became a student of Pierre Billet in Cantin. It was there that he met the painter Adrien Demont, the son-in-law of Jules Breton. Urged on by Breton, at the age of 22 he started exhibiting peasant genre and landscape scenes in Douai and Paris. He began vacationing in Wissant, where he stayed with Demont and his wife, Virginie Demont-Breton, painting the coastal scenery and becoming associated with the "École de Wissant", founded by Henri and Marie Duhem.
In 1889, he became a member of the Société des Artistes Français.

At the annual Salon des artistes français, he was awarded a Honorable Mention in 1891, a 3rd Medal in 1905, and a 2nd Medal in 1906.
Defying the label of "marine painter", he filled his genre scene paintings with Flemish realism. Using a luminous, caressing light, he transposed the grey country roads of his birthplace with light, and painted eloquent snowy landscapes.
He painted ports of Brittany, France, Belgium and the Netherlands, as well as numerous scenes of the fisherman's life, especially at twilight or night. He captured the magnetic beauty of an ocean sunset, and the tranquility that beauty and light brings.
  • Inventions
Marionez also became interested in photography and invented one of the first hand-held cameras, a device which he soon simplified, named the "Sphynx" and patented in 1891. The camera used a type of film invented by industrialist Victor Planchon (1863-1935), a relative of his. He travelled widely throughout the Mediterranean, North Africa and the Middle East, using his device to take over 1,600 images that are in the collection of the museum in Cambrai.
Later he devised and patented a method of suppressing the vibrations and jerky movements produced by the cinematographs of the Lumière Brothers, which had its unveiling in 1899 at the Société Photographique in Cambrai.
In 1905, the success of his paintings and the anti-clerical attitudes of the Combes administration led him to resign from the judiciary, and to devote himself entirely to art.
  • World War I and maturity
In August 1914, Marionez was drafted into Military Justice. In 1918 he was created a Knight of the Légion d'honneur.
During the German occupation of north-east France, his studio was looted, and his wife was deported, with hundreds of other French civilian hostages, to Holzminden internment camp in Lower Saxony. The family was reunited only after the ceasefire; they relocated to Paris in 1919.
He subsequently took most of his inspiration from Brittany.
His works were very popular but, according to some critics, became repetitive and too commercial. Over 800 paintings are attributed to him, of which the majority are in private collections.
He died of a heart attack in 1933 and was interred in the family vault at Cambrai. | Source: © Wikipedia

Georges Philibert Charles Maroniez (17 gennaio 1865 Douai - 11 Dicembre 1933, Parigi) è stato un pittore Francese, specializzato in paesaggi con figure.
Maroniez era il figlio di un industriale che possedeva una raffineria di zucchero a Montigny-en-Ostrevent. Ha mostrato talento artistico in tenera età, ma - anche se non scoraggiato - era previsto di perseguire una carriera più professionale.
Di conseguenza, ha studiato legge, e poi servito come un magistrato, successivamente, Boulogne-sur-Mer (1891), Avesnes-sur-Helpe (1894) e Cambrai (1897).
Mentre frequentava la scuola di legge, ha anche preso i corsi presso l'Ecole des Beaux-Arts di Douai e divenne allievo di Pierre Billet in Cantin. E 'stato lì che ha incontrato il pittore Adrien Demont, il figlio-in-law di Jules Breton.
Incoraggiato da Breton, all'età di 22 ha iniziato ad esporre scene di contadini di genere e paesaggi a Douai e Parigi.
Al Salone annuale degli Artisti Francesi, è stato premiato con una menzione d'onore nel 1891, una 3° medaglia nel 1905, e una 2° medaglia nel 1906.
Sfidando l'etichetta di "pittore di marine", arrichì i suoi quadri di genere con il realismo fiammingo.
Marionez era interessato anche alla fotografia ed ha inventò una delle prime macchine fotografiche portatili,  un dispositivo che ben presto semplificato, denominato "Sphynx" e brevettato nel 1891.

Oltre 800 dipinti sono attribuiti a lui, di cui la maggior parte sono in collezioni private.
Le sue opere erano molto popolari, ma, secondo alcuni critici, è diventato ripetitivo e troppo commerciale.
E 'morto per un attacco cardiaco nel 1933 e fu sepolto nella tomba della famiglia a Cambrai.