Visualizzazione post con etichetta 15th century Art. Mostra tutti i post
Visualizzazione post con etichetta 15th century Art. Mostra tutti i post
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Christine de Pizan | The first professional woman writer

Christine de Pizan or Pisan, born Cristina da Pizzano (1364 - c. 1430), was a poet and author at the court of King Charles VI of France and several French dukes.
Venetian by birth, Christine served as a court writer in medieval France after the death of her husband. Christine's patrons included dukes Louis I of Orleans, Philip the Bold of Burgundy, and his son John the Fearless.
Her best known works include The Book of the City of Ladies and The Treasure of the City of Ladies, both written when she worked for John the Fearless of Burgundy. Her books of advice to princesses, princes, and knights remained in print until the 16th century.

Christine de Pizan - Bibliothèque nationale de France, Département des manuscrits, Français

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Women Artists of the Renaissance era

Although women artists have been involved in the making of art throughout history, their work, when compared to that of their male counterparts, has been often obfuscated, overlooked and undervalued. Many of their works have been wrongly attributed to men artists.
Renaissance Europe was not a promising place for female artists to emerge. Women were expected to marry and have children, and those who did work were not welcomed into male-dominated professions. In fact women were unable to even receive formal art training (a cornerstone of which was the study of the figure).


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Giorgio Vasari | Vita di Sandro Botticello - Pittor Fiorentino


Ne’ medesimi tempi del Magnifico Lorenzo Vecchio de’ Medici, che fu veramente per le persone d’ingegno un secol d’oro, fiorì ancora Alessandro, chiamato a l’uso nostro Sandro e detto di Botticello per la cagione che appresso vedremo.
Costui fu figliuolo di Mariano Filipepi, cittadino fiorentino dal quale diligentemente allevato e fatto instruire in tutte quelle cose che usanza è di insegnarsi a’ fanciulli in quella età, prima che e’ si ponghino a le botteghe, ancora che agevolmente apprendesse tutto quello che e’ voleva, era nientedimanco inquieto sempre; né si contentava di scuola alcuna, di leggere, di scrivere o di abbaco; di maniera che il padre infastidito di questo cervello sì stravagante, per disperato lo pose a lo orefice con un suo compare chiamato Botticello, assai competente maestro allora in quell’arte.

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Michelangelo Buonarroti | Vita ed Opere


Michelàngelo (o Michelàngiolo; propr. Michelàgnolo) Buonarroti - Architetto, scultore, pittore, poeta (Caprese, od. Caprese Michelangelo, Arezzo, 1475 - Roma 1564). Culmine della civiltà rinascimentale, celebrato come il massimo genio del suo tempo, ne rappresentò anche la drammatica conclusione. Apprendista dal 1487 nella bottega di D. Ghirlandaio, intorno al 1489 venne in contatto presso il giardino di S. Marco, domicilio della collezione di antichità della famiglia Medici, con la statuaria classica e la filosofia neoplatonica, componenti essenziali per lo sviluppo della sua produzione artistica.
Nel 1498 il cardinale J. Bilhères gli commissionò per la sua tomba in S. Petronilla a Roma la Pietà : per il carattere di perfetta armonia, grazia e bellezza, l'opera suscitò universale ammirazione. Tornato a Firenze, Michelàngelo realizzò la statua di David🎨(1501-04), quindi nel 1505 fu di nuovo a Roma per eseguire la tomba di Giulio II in S. Pietro, i cui tormentati lavori si sarebbero protratti per oltre quarant'anni.

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Leonardo da Vinci | Nativity paintings


Giorgio Vasari🎨, in the enlarged edition of Lives of the Artists (1568) introduced his chapter on Leonardo with the following words:
"In the normal course of events many men and women are born with remarkable talents; but occasionally, in a way that transcends nature, a single person is marvellously endowed by Heaven with beauty, grace and talent in such abundance that he leaves other men far behind, all his actio ns seem inspired and indeed everything he does clearly comes from God rather than from human skill".

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Raphael (1483-1520) | High Renaissance painter


For centuries Raphael has been recognised as the supreme High Renaissance painter, more versatile than Michelangelo and more prolific than their older contemporary Leonardo.
Though he died at 37, Raphael's example as a paragon of classicism dominated the academic tradition of European painting until the mid-19th century.
Raphael (Raffaello Santi) was born in Urbino where his father, Giovanni Santi, was court painter.

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Lorenzo di Credi (1458-1537) High Renaissance painter

Born the son of a goldsmith in 1457 or 1459, Lorenzo di Credi was, with Leonardo da Vinci and Perugino, a pupil in the Florentine workshop of Andrea del Verrocchio, where he is first recorded in 1480 as a poorly paid assistant
During the master's absence in 1482-1483, Lorenzo took over the shop, and he became Verrocchio's heir upon Andrea's death in 1488.
Though not a very original painter, Lorenzo was technically proficient, with the result that the meticulously detailed, enamel-like surfaces of his pictures are, as a rule, better preserved than are the works of his teacher or his fellow pupils.


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Andrea del Verrocchio (1435-1488) | Sculpture works


Andrea del Verrocchio🎨 was 15th-century Florentine sculptor and painter and the teacher of Leonardo da Vinci. His equestrian statue of Bartolomeo Colleoni, erected in Venice in 1496, is particularly important.
The sculptural works either recorded to be by Verrocchio or actually extant are few in number. 
According to his brother Tommaso, Verrocchio was responsible for an inlaid slab (1467) in the Florentine church of San Lorenzo recording the burial place of Cosimo de’ Medici, who died in 1464.