Visualizzazione post con etichetta 18th century Art. Mostra tutti i post
Visualizzazione post con etichetta 18th century Art. Mostra tutti i post
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Marcantonio Franceschini | Baroque painter

Marcantonio Franceschini, (born April 5, 1648, Bologna, Papal States [Italy] - died Dec. 24, 1729, Bologna), Italian painter🎨, a leading artist of the Bolognese school of the Baroque period🎨.
Franceschini worked in Genoa, Modena, and Rome as well as in Bologna and worked extensively for patrons in Austria and Germany.
He was made director of the Clementina Academy in Bologna in 1721.
Franceschini was the last important representative of the tradition of the Carracci🎨; the works of Lodovico Carracci🎨 and Francesco Albani are the main sources of his style.



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Donato Creti | Baroque painter

Donato Creti (24 February 1671 - 31 January 1749) was an Italian painter🎨 of the Rococo period, active mostly in Bologna.
Born in Cremona, he moved to Bologna, where he was a pupil of Lorenzo Pasinelli.
He is described by Wittkower as the "Bolognese Marco Benefial", in that his style was less decorative and edged into a more formal neoclassical style.
It is an academicized grand style, that crystallizes into a manneristic🎨 neoclassicism, with crisp and frigid modeling of the figures.



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Norbert Goeneutte | Impressionist painter

Born in Paris, Norbert Gœneutte (1854-1894) enrolled at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in 1872, studying first under Isidore Pils, who died in 1875, and then under his replacement, Henri Lehmann.
In the mid-1870s he met Marcellin Desboutin, who taught him etching.
He was associated with the Impressionists🎨, especially Renoir🎨, and in the 1880s painted Parisian scenes, from famous landmarks to boulevard subjects.
He also worked in Brittany, Normandy and Bordeaux.
In his later years he settled in Auvers-sur-Oise. | © The National Gallery



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18th century Artists | Sitemap

18th century Art - Painting, sculpture, music, architecture, interior design, evolving from the Baroque to an elegant Rococó style and Neoclassicism, and, at the end of the century, another transformation to the Romantic style.

Thomas Gainsborough | Rococo Era /Romantic painter


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Donato Creti | Astronomical Observations, 1711

Donato Creti (24 February 1671 - 31 January 1749) was an Italian painter🎨 of the Rococo period, active mostly in Bologna.
The series of Astronomical observations was commissioned in 1711 by the Bolognese count Luigi Marsili.
He had the artist Donato Creti paint all the planets in as many small pictures and made a gift of these to the Pope to convince him of the importance for the Holy Church of an astronomical observatory.
The gift made it possible to achieve his goal, because with the support of Clement XI (pontiff from 1700-1721) the first public astronomical observatory was opened in Bologna a short time later.

Donato Creti | Osservazioni Astronomiche - Marte


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Sculptures in Notre-Dame de Paris

Notre-Dame de Paris🎨 - Stone, copper and bronze statues, including statues of the twelve Apostles that surrounded the base of the spire, had been removed from the site days prior to the 2019 fire as part of the renovations.

Adam - West facade


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Thomas Gainsborough | Rococo portrait painter

Thomas Gainsborough🎨 (1727-1788) was an British🎨 portrait and landscape painter, draughtsman, and printmaker.
Along with his bitter rival, Sir Joshua Reynolds🎨 he is considered one of the most important British portrait artists of the second half of the 18th century.
He painted quickly, and the works of his maturity are characterised by a light palette and easy strokes. Despite being a prolific portrait painter, Gainsborough gained greater satisfaction from his landscapes.
He is credited (with Richard Wilson) as the originator of the 18th-century British landscape school.
Gainsborough was a founding member of the Royal Academy.



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John Constable RA | Romantic painter

John Constable (1776-1837) is famous for his landscapes, which are mostly of the Suffolk countryside, where he was born and lived.
He made many open-air sketches, using these as a basis for his large exhibition paintings, which were worked up in the studio.
His pictures are extremely popular today, but they were not particularly well received in England during his lifetime.
He did, however, have considerable success in Paris.
Constable was born in East Bergholt, Suffolk.
He was largely self-taught, and developed slowly.
In 1799 he was a probationer, and in 1800 a student at the Royal Academy schools.



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Hubert Robert | Visionary painter

Hubert Robert, (born May 22, 1733, Paris, France - died April 15, 1808, Paris), French🎨 landscape painter sometimes called Robert des Ruines because of his many romantic representations of Roman ruins set in idealized surroundings.
Robert left Paris for Rome in 1754 and studied at the French Academy there.
He also met the French painter Jean-Honoré Fragonard in Rome, and in 1760 they traveled together with the Abbé de Saint-Non through southern Italy on a drawing expedition.
Robert developed a strong fascination with architecture and ruins, and he was strongly influenced by Giovanni Battista Piranesi, the renowned etcher of architectural subjects who was then publishing his great collections of etchings of Roman architecture.
Among Robert’s best-known works from his Roman period is a series of red chalk drawings of the gardens at the Villa d’Este, that feature the garden’s dilapidated Classical-style architecture set in an overgrown landscape and animated with small human figures.



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Hubert Robert | The Grande Galerie of the Louvre

Hubert Robert🎨 (22 May 1733 - 15 April 1808), was a French painter🎨, noted for his landscape paintings and picturesque depictions of ruins.
In 1784 Louis XVI appointed him keeper of his pictures and gave him responsibility for creating a museum at the Louvre🎨.

For biographical notes and earlier works by Hubert Robert see:

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Baroque art | History and Sitemap

Baroque was the principal European style in the visual arts of the 17th century.
The term covers various national styles that range from the complex and dramatic Italian art of the 17th century to the restrained genre scenes, still-lifes and portraits characteristic of the Dutch Baroque.
In Italy, Caravaggio painted altarpieces and introduced innovations such as dramatic lighting effects that influenced painters like Artemisia Gentileschi. Other artists, such as the Giovanni Battista Gaulli and Pietro da Cortona, executed illusionistic ceiling paintings.
Gianlorenzo Bernini, the most celebrated Baroque artist in Rome, produced the famous baldacchino (central altar) of St Peter’s and groundbreaking sculptural works such as Apollo and Daphne.
In Spain, Francisco de Zurbarán executed pious religious paintings, and Diego Velázquez became the great painter of the Spanish Baroque.
In northern Europe, the Netherlands was divided into two parts, the Northern Netherlands (present day Netherlands) and the Southern Netherlands (present day Belgium and part of France), each usually referred to as Holland (North) and Flanders (South).

Johannes Vermeer | Girl with a Pearl Earring, 1665


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18th-19th century Artists | Sitemap

18th-19th century Artists: Painters, Sculptors, Photographers, Poets, Musicants, Writers and the artistic movements definition



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Antonio Canova | Neoclassical sculptor

Antonio Canova🎨, marchese d’Ischia, (born Nov. 1, 1757, Possagno, Republic of Venice-died Oct. 13, 1822, Venice), Italian sculptor, one of the greatest exponents of Neoclassicism. Among his works are the tombs of popes Clement XIV (1783-87) and Clement XIII (1787-92) and statues of Napoleon and of his sister Princess Borghese reclining as Venus Victrix.
He was created a marquis for his part in retrieving works of art from Paris after Napoleon’s defeat.
Canova, the son of a stonemason who died in 1761, was reared by his grandfather, also a stonemason.



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Auguste Rodin | Impressionist / Romantic sculptor

Auguste Rodin's works created a new era in sculpture.
Known as Auguste Rodin🎨, François-Auguste-René Rodin, was a romantic and realistic french sculptor. Although Rodin is generally considered the progenitor of modern sculpture, he did not set out to rebel against the past.
He was schooled traditionally, took a craftsman-like approach to his work, and desired academic recognition, although he was never accepted into Paris's foremost school of art.
Sculpturally, Rodin possessed a unique ability to model a complex, turbulent, deeply pocketed surface in clay.
Many of his most notable sculptures were roundly criticized during his lifetime. They clashed with the predominant figure sculpture tradition, in which works were decorative, formulaic, or highly thematic.



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Giacomo Ceruti | Baroque / Genre / Portrait painter

Giacomo Antonio Melchiorre Ceruti (October 13, 1698 - August 28, 1767) was an Italian🎨 late Baroque painter🎨, active in Northern Italy in Milan, Brescia, and Venice. He acquired the nickname Pitocchetto (the little beggar) for his many paintings of peasants dressed in rags.
He was born in Milan, but worked primarily in Brescia. He may have been influenced early by Antonio Cifrondi and/or Giacomo Todesco (Todeschini), and received training from Carlo Ceresa. While he also painted still-life paintings and religious scenes, Ceruti is best known for his genre paintings, especially of beggars and the poor, whom he painted realistically and endowed with unusual dignity and individuality.
Ceruti gave particular attention to this subject matter during the period 1725-1740, and about 50 of his genre paintings from these years survive.



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Saint Cecilia: Patroness of Musicians

In the fourth century a Greek religious romance on the Loves of Cecilia and Valerian was written in glorification of virginal life with the purpose of taking the place of then-popular sensual romances.
Consequently, until better evidence is produced, we must conclude that St. Cecilia was not known or venerated in Rome until about the time when Pope Gelasius (496) introduced her name into his Sacramentary.
It is said that there was a church dedicated to St. Cecilia in Rome in the fifth century, in which Pope Symmachus held a council in 500.
The story of St. Cecilia is not without beauty or merit. She is said to have been quite close to God and prayed often:
"In the city of Rome there was a virgin named Cecilia, who came from an extremely rich family and was given in marriage to a youth named Valerian. She wore sackcloth next to her skin, fasted, and invoked the saints, angels, and virgins, beseeching them to guard her virginity".
During her wedding ceremony she was said to have sung in her heart to God and before the consummation of her nuptials, she told her husband she had taken a vow of virginity and had an angel protecting her. Valerian asked to see the angel as proof, and Cecilia told him he would have eyes to see once he traveled to the third milestone on the Via Appia (Appian Way) and was baptized by Pope Urbanus.

Orazio Gentileschi🎨 | Saint Cecilia with an Angel


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Auguste Rodin | Hands of a pianist

Fascinated by the expressive qualities of the hands, French🎨 sculptor Auguste Rodin🎨 sculpted hands more than he did any other part of the body.
As revealing as a face, they are sometimes capable, on their own, of symbolizing an entire of human activity, like the Hand of a Pianist which seems to run along an imaginary piano with nervous energy.



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Beethoven's love letters to his immortal beloved | Lettere d'amore di Beethoven all'amata immortale, 1812

Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827)🎨 was a German🎨 composer and pianist. A crucial figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras in Classical music, he remains one of the most recognized and influential of all composers.
After his death in 1827, the following love letter was found amongst the personal papers of Ludwig van Beethoven, penned by the composer over the course of two days in July of 1812 while staying in Teplice.
The letter's unnamed recipient - Beethoven's "Immortal Beloved" - remains a mystery, and continues to generate debate.
Included in The 50 Greatest Love Letters of All Time (public library) - which also gave us Vita Sackville-West’s passionate words to Virginia Woolf and Balzac’s monomaniacal missives - the letters, penned a generation after his mentor Mozart’s stirring love letters, stand as a reminder of the eternal relationship between frustration and satisfaction.
Like Beethoven’s music, they remain a masterwork of romantic genius.

Julius Schmid (Viennese painter, 1854-1935)| Beethoven's walk in nature


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Giovanni Battista Piazzetta | Rococo Era painter

Giovanni Battista Piazzetta, also called Giambattista Piazetta, (born Feb. 13, 1682, Venice [Italy] - died April 28, 1754, Venice), painter, illustrator and designer who was one of the outstanding Venetian artists🎨 of the 18th century. His art evolved from Italian Baroque🎨 traditions of the 17th century to a Rococo manner in his mature style.
Piazzetta began his career in the studio of his father, Giacomo, a woodcarver. Soon after assisting the latter to carve the still-surviving bookcases of the library of the Church of Santi Giovanni e Paolo at Venice, he abandoned the family profession and began to study painting under Antonio Molinari.
In about 1703 he went to Bologna, where he worked in the studio of Giuseppi Maria Crespi. He was back in Venice by 1711 and continued to work there until his death.



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Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (1696-1770) | Rococo Era painter

The Venetian Giovanni Battista Tièpolo (1696-1770) was arguably the greatest painter of eighteenth-century Europe and the outstanding first master of the Grand Manner. His art celebrates the imagination by transposing the world of ancient history and myth, the scriptures, and sacred legends into a grandiose, even theatrical language.
Colonna’s perspective framework for Tiepolo’s frescoes is crucial to understanding the eighteenth-century notion of painting as a staged fiction-something intended to involve the viewer on a purely imaginative level. This was in line with theater practice of the day-especially opera.



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