Visualizzazione post con etichetta German Art. Mostra tutti i post
Visualizzazione post con etichetta German Art. Mostra tutti i post
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Gabriele Münter | Expressionist painter

Gabriele Münter (19 February 1877 – 19 May 1962) was a German expressionist painter who was at the forefront of the Munich avant-garde in the early 20th century.
She studied and lived with the painter Wassily Kandinsky and was a founding member of the expressionist group Der Blaue Reiter.

Early life

Münter was born to upper middle-class parents in Berlin on 19 February 1877.
Her family supported her desires to become an artist. Her father died in 1886. She began to draw as a child.
As she was growing up, she had a private tutor. In 1897, at the age of twenty, Münter received artistic training in the Düsseldorf studio of artist Ernst Bosch and later at the Damenschule (Women's School) with artist Willy Spatz.
By the time she was 21 years old, both of her parents had died and she was living at home with no occupation.
In 1898, she decided to take a trip to America with her sister to visit extended family. They stayed in America for more than two years, mainly in the states of Texas, Arkansas, and Missouri; six sketchbooks survive from Münter's period in America, depicting images of people, plants and landscapes.

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Johann Wolfgang Goethe | Per l'Anno Nuovo / For the New Year

Tra il vecchio e il nuovo,
la sorte dona
queste ore liete;
e il passato impone
d’aver fiducia
a guardare avanti
e a guardare indietro.

Andy Warhol | Johann Wolfgang Goethe, 1982

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Gabriele Münter e Wassily Kandinsky | Amore ai tempi dell'astrattismo

Gabriele Münter (1877-1962) è stata una pittrice espressionista Tedesca.
Vasilij Vasil'evič Kandinsky / Василий Васильевич Кандинский (1866-1944) è stato un pittore Russo, naturalizzato francese, precursore e fondatore della pittura Astratta.
Insieme, con Franz Marc ed altri, fondarono il movimento artistico espressionista Der Blaue Reiter (Il cavaliere azzurro).

La Münter era di Berlino e proveniva da una famiglia benestante che aveva vissuto a lungo negli Stati Uniti.
Nel 1901 si iscrisse ad un corso d'arte a Monaco di Baviera.
L'anno successivo, poiché alle donne erano precluse le Accademie, iniziò a prendere lezioni presso la scuola d'arte privata Phalanx-Schule (appena fondata da W. Kandinsky) dove seguì i corsi di Wilhelm Husgen e quelli di Wassily Kandinsky.

Wassily Kandinsky | Ritratto Gabriele Münter, 1903 | Lenbachhaus, Monaco di Baviera

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Hans Baluschek (1870-1935) | Vita ed Opere

Hans Baluschek è stato un rappresentante di spicco del Realismo Sociale Tedesco, ed in quanto tale, cercò di ritrarre la vita della gente comune con vivida schiettezza.
I suoi dipinti si incentrarono sulla classe operaia di Berlino.
Appartenne al movimento della Secessione di Berlino, un gruppo di artisti particolarmente interessati agli sviluppi avanguardistici dell'arte - in particolare dell'Espressionismo Tedesco.
Nonostante ciò, lungo l'arco della sua vita egli fu conosciuto principalmente per le sue fantasiose illustrazioni del famoso libro per bambini "Peterchens Mondfahrt".
Dopo il 1920 divenne un membro attivo del Partito Socialdemocratico tedesco, che all'epoca professava ancora una visione marxista della storia.


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Oskar Zwintscher | Art Nouveau painter

Oskar Zwintscher (1870-1916) was a German painter. He is often associated with the Jugendstil movement.
From 1887-1890 he studied at the Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst Leipzig and, from 1890-1892 was a student of Leon Pohle and Ferdinand Pauwels at the Dresden Academy of Fine Arts.
After his studies, he became a free-lance painter in Meißen, where he received a stipendium, awarded to Saxon painters by the "Munkeltsche Legat". This enabled him to work for three years with no financial worries.
In 1898, he presented his first large collection of paintings to the public.
That same year, he was a prizewinner at a contest held by the entrepreneur Ludwig Stollwerck to select artists for a new line of trading cards.


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Frans Stracké | The Two Mothers, 1893 | Rijksmuseum

Franz Stracké created this sculpture in terracotta in 1893. The title "Two Mothers" refers to the woman and the dog, positioned at her feet looking upwards, whose puppies she is carrying. This work by Franz Stracké is exhibited at the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam.

This sweet scene reflects increasing interest in the lives of fishermen. The statue shows a young woman holding her child, with her dog’s puppies gathered in her apron. Yet life is not a bed of roses for this barefoot fisherman’s wife. She has only two fish in her pouch, and the net that she drags behind her is empty. | Rijksmuseum

Frans Stracké | The Two Mothers, 1893 (detail) | Rijksmuseum

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Franz Skarbina | Impressionist painter

Franz Skarbina (1849-1910) was a German impressionist painter, draftsman, etcher and illustrator.
Born in Berlin, he was the son of a goldsmith from Zagreb. From 1865-1869, he studied at the Prussian Academy of Arts.
After graduation, he spent two years as a tutor to the daughters of Count Friedrich von Perponcher-Sedlnitzky (1821-1909), during which time he travelled to Dresden, Vienna, Venice, Munich, Nuremberg and Merano.
In 1877, he had acquired the funds to make a year-long study trip to the Netherlands, Belgium and France, where he came under the influence of impressionism.


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Henrik Nordenberg | Genre and interior painter

Carl Henrik Nordenberg (1857-1928) was a German-Swedish landscape, genre and interior painter, etcher and lithographer from the Düsseldorf School.
Nordenberg, nephew of the genre painter Bengt Nordenberg, followed his uncle to Düsseldorf in 1873, where he received private lessons from him.
From 1873 to 1883/1884 he studied at the Düsseldorf Art Academy.
There Andreas and Karl Müller, Heinrich Lauenstein, Eduard Gebhardt, Julius Roeting, Carl Ernst Forberg and Wilhelm Sohn were his teachers.