David Hockney is a british painter, printmaker, stage designer and photographer. As an important contributor to the Pop Art movement of the 1960s, he is considered one of the most influential british artists of the twentieth century.
He began this style of art by taking Polaroid photographs of one subject and arranging them into a grid layout. The subject would actually move while being photographed so that the piece would show the movements of the subject seen from the photographer’s perspective. In later works, Hockney changed his technique and moved the camera around the subject instead. He also made prints, portraits of friends, and stage designs for the Royal Court Theatre and the Metropolitan Opera in New York City. Even though his painting and photographic works does not show synesthesia, he still uses it as a base principle in the stage construction for ballets and operas. Using it as an advantage, David Hockney bases the background colors and lighting upon his own seen colors while listening to the music of the theater piece he is working on.
On July 9th of the year 1937, Hockney was born with synesthesia, a condition where he sees synesthetic colors to musical stimuli, in Bradford. While attending the Royal College of Art in London, he was featured in the exhibition, Young Contemporaries, that announced the beginning of British Pop Art. David soon became more associated in the movement, and in 1963 Hockney visited New York, making contact with Andy Warhol. A later visit to California inspired Hockney to make a series of paintings of swimming pools in Los Angeles, using the comparatively new Acrylic medium and rendered in a highly realistic style using vibrant colours.In 1967, his painting, Peter Getting Out Of Nick’s Pool, won the John Moores Painting Prize at the Walker Art Gallery in Liverpool. David Hockney is known for his work with photocollage; using varying numbers of small Polaroid snaps or photolab-prints of a single subject, Hockney arranged a patchwork to make a composite image. Because these photographs are taken from different perspectives and at slightly different times, the result is work that has an affinity with Cubism, which was one of Hockney’s major aims, discussing the way human vision works.