Visualizzazione post con etichetta Finnish Art. Mostra tutti i post
Visualizzazione post con etichetta Finnish Art. Mostra tutti i post
Textual description of firstImageUrl

Akseli Gallen-Kallela | Art Nouveau / Symbolist painter

Akseli Gallen-Kallela (26 April 1865 - 7 March 1931) was a Finnish painter who is best known for his illustrations of the Kalevala, the Finnish national epic. His work is considered a very important aspect of the Finnish national identity. He changed his name from Gallén to Gallen-Kallela in 1907.

Early life

Gallen-Kallela was born Axel Waldemar Gallén in Pori, Finland, in a Swedish-speaking family.
His father Peter Gallén worked as police chief and lawyer.
Gallen-Kallela was raised in Tyrvää. At the age of 11 he was sent to Helsinki to study at a grammar school, because his father opposed his ambition to become a painter.
After his father's death in 1879, Gallen-Kallela attended drawing classes at the Finnish Art Society (1881-1884) and studied privately under Adolf von Becker.

Textual description of firstImageUrl

Fanny Churberg | Düsseldorf school of painting

Fanny Churberg (12 December 1845, in Vaasa - 10 May 1892, in Helsinki) was a Finnish landscape painter.
Her father, Matias Churberg, was a doctor from a family of farmers and her mother Maria was the daughter of the vicar in Liperi parish, Nils Johan Perander. Fanny was the third of seven children.
Four of her siblings died when they were young and so Fanny grew up with her two older brothers Torsten and Waldemar Churberg.
Fanny was proud of her Ostrobothnian family and heritage and was planning along with her brothers on changing the surname to Kuurila according to the family's old estate. They never got around to it though.

Textual description of firstImageUrl

Dora Wahlroos | En plein air painter

Anna Dorothée (Dora) Wahlroos (19 December 1870, Pori – 21 March 1947, Kauniainen) was a Finnish painter who participated in the painting movement en plein air towards the end of the 19th century.


She was born in Pori to province land surveyor Johan Henrik Wahlroos and Dorothée Augusta Henrietta Fehn.
She studied at the Turku Drawing School in 1886–1888 and under Victor Westerholm in 1889–1890. She was one of the artists who joined Westerholm in the artists colony at Önningeby on the island of Åland.
She was accepted to the Finnish Art Society in 1890–1891, where her class was taught by Gunnar Berndtson. In the Fall of 1890 she got engaged to sculptor Emil Wikström.
The two went to study together at Paris in 1891–1892.

Textual description of firstImageUrl

Maria Wiik (1853-1928)

Maria Catharina Wiik was a Finnish painter.
She worked principally with still life, genre, landscape paintings and portraits. Wiik was born in Helsinki.
She was the daughter of architect Erik Johan Wik (or Wiik) (1804-1876) and his wife Gustava Fredrika Meyer.
She was born and grew up in Brunnsparken and attended the Swedish language school Svenska fruntimmersskolan in Helsingfors. She then studied drawing with art professor Adolf von Becker.
Encouraged by her family, she studied art during 1874-1875 at the Academy of Fine Arts in Helsinki.

Textual description of firstImageUrl

Elin Danielson-Gambogi | Naturalist painter

Elin Kleopatra Danielson-Gambogi (3 September 1861 - 31 December 1919) was a Finnish painter, best known for her realist works and portraits. Danielson-Gambogi was part of the first generation of Finnish women artists who received professional education in art, the so-called "Painter sisters' generation".
The group also included Helene Schjerfbeck.

Early life and studies

Elin Danielson was born in the small village of Noormarkku, near the city of Pori in Western Finland to Karl Danielson and Rosa Amalia Danielson.
Her early years were however spent at Ilmajoki as her father attempted farming there. Because of the Finnish famine of 1866–68, the farm failed. After being forced to sell the farm, her father Karl shot himself.
Her mother Rosa returned to Noormarkku with her two daughters.

Textual description of firstImageUrl

Albert Edelfelt | Academic / Genre painter

Albert Gustaf Aristides Edelfelt (1854-1905) was a Finnish painter. He lived in Grand Duchy of Finland and made Finnish culture visible abroad, before Finland gained full independence.


Edelfelt was born in Porvoo, son of Carl Albert Edelfelt, an architect, and Alexandra Edelfelt, née Brandt. His parents were Swedish-speaking Finns. He began his formal studies of art in 1869 at the Drawing School of the Finnish Art Society, and continued as a student of Adolf von Becker (1871-73).

Textual description of firstImageUrl

Albert Edelfelt | Pittore naturalista

Albert Gustaf Aristides Edelfelt (Porvoo, 1854-1905) è considerato uno degli artisti più importanti dell'Età d'Oro dell'arte Finlandese.
Ha vissuto nel Granducato di Finlandia e ha reso visibile la cultura Finlandese all'estero, prima che la Finlandia ottenesse la piena indipendenza.
Edelfelt nacque nel 1854 a Porvoo, figlio dei finlandesi di lingua svedese Carl Albert Edelfelt (1818-1869), un architetto, e di Alexandra Edelfelt, nata Brandt (1833–1901).
Suo padre è morto quando era ancora giovane e sua madre ha dovuto allevare lui e i suoi fratelli più piccoli da sola a causa di difficoltà finanziarie. È stato molto vicino a sua madre per tutta la vita-
Iniziò i suoi studi formali d'arte nel 1869 presso la Drawing School della Finnish Art Society e continuò come allievo di Adolf von Becker (1871-1873).

Textual description of firstImageUrl

Hugo Simberg | Symbolist painter

Hugo Gerhard Simberg (24 June 1873 - 12 July 1917) was a Finnish symbolist painter** and graphic artist.
  • Life and career
Simberg was born on 24 June 1873, at Hamina (original Swedish Fredrikshamn), the son of Colonel Nicolai Simberg and Ebba Matilda Simberg (born Widenius). In 1891, at the age of 18, he enrolled at the Drawing School of the Viipuri Friends of Art, and he also studied at the Drawing School of the Finnish Art Association (fi) from 1893-1895, but in 1895 he decided to become the private pupil of Akseli Gallen-Kallela at his wilderness studio Kalela in Ruovesi. He studied under Gallen-Kallela for three periods between 1895-1897.

The Wounded Angel, 1903

In 1896 Simberg went to London, and in 1897 to Paris and Italy. During these years he exhibited several works at the Finnish Artists' autumn exhibitions, including Autumn, Frost, The Devil Playing Music and Aunt Alexandra (1898), which were well received. Critical success led to his being made a member of the Finnish Art Association and to his being appointed to teach at the Drawing School of the Viipuri Friends of Art.
In 1904 he was commissioned to decorate the interior of St John's church in Tampere (now Tampere Cathedral), a project which he carried out with Magnus Enckell between 1904 and 1906.
From 1907-1917 he taught at the Drawing School of the Finnish Art Association.
He died at Ahtari on 12 July 1917.
Simberg's paintings emphasize mainly macabre and supernatural topics. A good example is Kuolema kuuntelee (Death Listens), which depicts Death, personified as a skeleton wearing a black coat, listening with a bowed head as a young man plays the violin. In the background is an old woman lying on a bed, pale and apparently sickly. There is a suggestion that Death is there for the old woman, but that he is pausing so the young man, possibly the dying woman's son, can have time to finish his violin playing.

Simberg's famous painting The Wounded Angel, too, is somewhat gloomy, its titular character appearing in the shape of a winged angel with a bandaged head, borne on a stretcher by two somberly dressed boys, one of whom looks toward the viewer with a serious expression.

The painting is the best known of the artist's works and is especially famous in Finland. The Finnish symphonic metal band Nightwish released on 11 August 2007 a music video based on this painting, "Amaranth".
Another theme in Simberg's work is pre-pubescent boys. Naked boys carrying wreaths are a motif of his frescoes in the Tampere Cathedral, and one of his early photographs, named Guido, Fish Boy, shows a boy sitting on a rock, looking out to sea. | © Wikipedia

Hugo Simberg - Autoritratto, 1907

Hugo Gerhard Simberg (Hamina, 24 giugno 1873 - Ähtäri, 12 luglio 1917) è stato un pittore Finlandese di origine Svedese che aderì alla corrente simbolista**. Fu anche grafico e scultore.
Hugo Simberg fu uno dei nove figli del colonnello Nicolai Edward Simberg (1822-1915) e della sua seconda moglie Ebba Matilda Widenius (1840-1897). Aveva anche nove fratellastri, figli di suo padre e della sua prima moglie.
Crebbe ad Hamina, quindi, dall'età di 8 anni in poi, a Viipuri.
Nel 1891 entrò nella Scuola di disegno di Viipuri e, dal 1893-1895, studiò all'Accademia di belle arti di Helsinki. Già i suoi primi lavori lasciano intuire la sua inclinazione per il movimento simbolista**, ma nell'Accademia di Helsinki non gli fu permesso di studiare quelle materie che per lui apparivano importanti.
Così, scoraggiato, decise di scrivere al maestro del simbolismo finlandese: Akseli Gallen-Kallela, che insperatamente lo accolse come allievo a Ruovesi nel 1895. Iniziò in questo modo la fase più importante della sua maturazione artistica, e Gallen-Kallela lo incoraggiò a sviluppare la sua espressività personale. Simberg trascorse quell'estate a Niemenlauta, la residenza estiva di famiglia, nei dintorni di Viipuri. I paesaggi di quella regione influenzeranno in seguito le sue opere.
Nel 1896, Hugo Simberg si recò in viaggio di studio a Londra e, nel 1897, si recò Parigi, soggiornandovi per un certo tempo. Al soggiorno parigino seguì un lungo giro attraverso l'Italia. Durante questi anni Simberg presentò i suoi lavori alle mostre dell'Associazione degli artisti finlandesi. Ebbe successo e divenne membro della stessa Associazione. Poco tempo dopo gli fu offerto l'insegnamento dell'arte alla Scuola di disegno degli Amici dell'arte di Viipuri.

I lavori di costruzione della Cattedrale di Tampere, progettata dall'architetto Lars Sonck, iniziarono nel 1903. L'architetto Sonck volle che la cattedrale fosse un'opera rappresentativa dell'art nouveau. Chiese pertanto a Magnus Enckell di realizzare la pala d'altare e a Hugo Simberg di dipingere la volta e le vetrate, cosa che Simberg fece negli anni 1905 e 1906. Dipinse infatti due affreschi: Haavoittunut enkeli (L'angelo ferito) e Kuoleman puutarha (Il giardino della morte).
Quindi, sulla parete che costituisce il parapetto della galleria e che scende sino agli archi, definendo lo spazio delle navate laterali, realizzò un lungo festone floreale sorretto da giovanetti nudi, (tutti pudicamente coperti dalla lunga decorazione di foglie, meno uno), il Köynnöksenkantajat, (si veda l'ultima immagine della "galleria"). Queste pitture non erano certamente le decorazioni abituali di una chiesa, ma in compenso, per le vetrate, Simberg attinse all'universo figurativo dei valori tradizionali cristiani. Pur tuttavia il ragazzo nudo che compare nel Köynnöksenkantajat, era qualcosa di mai visto e fece molto scalpore nella buona società finlandese.
Dal 1907-1917, Simberg insegnò all'Academia di belle arti di Helsinki.
In occasione dell'esposizione artistica di Parigi del 1908, l'arte finlandese subì un duro colpo da parte dei critici, i quali la giudicarono smorta e incolore. Molti artisti, allora, da quel giorno si impegnarono a percorrere nuove strade. Simberg, invece, restò simbolista e fu bollato come un pittore che ormai aveva fatto il suo tempo.

Consapevole di questa reazione, Simberg decise di esporre dei quadri dall'aspetto naturalista, colorista e persino impressionista, ma, fedele alle sue idee, continuò parallelamente a produrre opere immaginarie come a lui piaceva. Dalle sue tele sgorga sempre quel mondo di fantasia creativa che è proprio della sua concezione ispiratrice. Mentre per altri pittori il simbolismo non era stato che una moda passeggera, egli ne fece la sua personale e spontanea forma espressiva.
Simberg fu anche un eccellente illustratore di libri di favole. I suoi piccoli disegni appaiono esoterici e simbolisti e persino strani, quanto sono strane certe immagini oniriche: per facilitare la loro comprensione è utile la lettura delle fiabe di Hans Christian Andersen.
Le sue opere, in gran parte ispirate al soprannaturale e al macabro, hanno comunque tutte uno strano fascino che immancabilmente riescono a catturare l'attenzione e le emozioni di chi le guarda.
Oltre ai grandi affreschi che realizzò per decorare la cattedrale di Tampere, i suoi dipinti più conosciuti sono: Il giardino della morte (1896), Il demone della pentola (1897), Il contadino e la morte ai cancelli del paradiso e dell'inferno (1897), Sera di primavera quando il ghiaccio di scioglie (1897) e soprattutto il celeberrimo L'angelo ferito (1903) che, con il tempo, è divenuto addirittura una sorta di icona nazionale della cultura finlandese.
Hugo Simberg morì ad Ähtäri all'età di soli 44 anni. Fu sepolto nel cimitero di Hietaniemi. . | © Wikipedia

Textual description of firstImageUrl

Mika Törönen, 1968 | Cityscape / Watercolour painter

Mika Törönen, born 28 November 1968, Pirkkala, is an Finnish award winning painter.
Törönen makes paintings and portraits of Helsinki.
He has studied in Australia - Sydney, at the Julian Ashton Art School in 1999.
Watercolor is not easy medium, but keep painting and be patient. There is no shortcuts. Only way to progress is just paint, paint and paint... learn from your mistakes and bad paintings... - Mika Törönen
Textual description of firstImageUrl

Hjalmar Munsterhjelm (1840-1905)

Magnus Hjalmar Munsterhjelm (19 October 1840, Tuulos - 2 April 1905, Helsinki) was a Swedish-Finnish landscape painter.
He studied in Düsseldorf and Karlsruhe under Hans Gude in the early 1860s.
He painted landscapes "influenced by the romantic notions of the Düsseldorf school, while also evincing new, more realistic impulses".
His landscape "October Evening in the Archipelago after First Snow, 1883" was purchased by Alexander III in 1885; the painting is now in the Ateneum Art Museum.

Two of his works, "The Evening, in Finland" and "The Night" were displayed at the Exposition Universelle (1878) in Paris.
His work "Evening of the First Spring" was on display at the Exposition Universelle (1900) in Paris as part of the Russian section. | © Wikipedia

Munsterhjelm ‹mü´nstërielm›, Magnus Hjalmar - Pittore (Toivoniemi 1840 - Helsinki 1905). Dipinse soprattutto paesaggi il cui carattere idillico riecheggia l'interpretazione della natura finlandese propria del poeta nazionale Z. Tolpenis. Studiò a Düsseldorf con G. W. Holmberg e H. Gude, e poi a Parigi. | © Treccani