Visualizzazione post con etichetta Impressionist art movement. Mostra tutti i post
Visualizzazione post con etichetta Impressionist art movement. Mostra tutti i post
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Salon des Refusés (May 15, 1863)

Salon des Refusés is generally known as an exhibition of works rejected by the jury of the official Paris Salon, but the term is most famously used to refer to the Salon des Refusés of 1863.
Today by extension, salon des refusés refers to any exhibition of works rejected from a juried art show.
Among the exhibitors were Paul Cézanne, Camille Pissarro, Armand Guillaumin, Johan Jongkind, Henri Fantin-Latour, James Whistler and Édouard Manet, who exhibited his famous painting "Le Déjeuner sur l’herbe", officially regarded as a scandalous affront to taste.

Édouard Manet | Le Déjeuner sur l'herbe, 1863 | Musée d'Orsay, Paris

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Harriette Bowdoin | Impressionist painter

Harriette Bowdoin (1880-1947) è stata una pittrice ed illustratrice impressionista nata a South Hadley Falls, nel Massachusetts.
Bowdoin si trasferì a New York in giovane età per studiare con Henry Snell - un importante impressionista, ed Elliott Dangerfield - un paesaggista.
Bowdoin ha viaggiato e si è formata in Europa, dove ha stretto amicizia con l'artista americana Jane Peterson mentre entrambe studiavano con Frank Brangwyn a Londra.

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Pete "The Street" Brown, 1967 | Urban plein-air painter

Peter first came to Bath for a year in 1986 to study an art foundation course.
He went on to graduate from Manchester Polytechnic remaining a further two years working in a studio in Ancoats, an area just north of the city centre.
He then studied a PGCE in FE in Eltham, London before giving up painting.
Returning to Bath in 1993, inspired by the architecture and life of the town, he started to draw in charcoal moving back to working in oils three years later. And it was on the streets of Bath Peter began to earn his living and it was here he earned the nick name 'Pete the Street'.
Peter paints a great deal across the UK - its cities, landscapes and coastline and in particular London.

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Franz Skarbina | Impressionist painter

Franz Skarbina (1849-1910) was a German impressionist painter, draftsman, etcher and illustrator.
Born in Berlin, he was the son of a goldsmith from Zagreb. From 1865-1869, he studied at the Prussian Academy of Arts.
After graduation, he spent two years as a tutor to the daughters of Count Friedrich von Perponcher-Sedlnitzky (1821-1909), during which time he travelled to Dresden, Vienna, Venice, Munich, Nuremberg and Merano.
In 1877, he had acquired the funds to make a year-long study trip to the Netherlands, Belgium and France, where he came under the influence of impressionism.

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Claude Monet | The River, 1881 | Museum Barberini

Claude Monet depicted an evening on the river using a reduced formal vocabulary. The impulsive play of lines seems to be rapidly set down, as if the painter had wanted to complete the composition just before the sun disappeared.
Several branches glow in the red light of its last rays. Although the picture has the appearance of a sketch, the artist’s signature indicates that he considered it an independent, completed work.
According to Academic standards, a finished painting was characterized by a polished surface in which even subordinate elements should be developed in some detail.
Monet resisted this aesthetic of the fini by dissolving the traditional distinction between the preparatory sketch (esquisse or étude) and the painting intended for exhibition (tableau).

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Paul Hagemans (1884-1959)

Born in Antwerp, Paul Hagemans was the son of the celebrated Belgian landscape painter Maurice Hagemans (1852-1917).
Hagemans received early artistic instruction from his father but at the age of fifteen enrolled at the Academy of Antwerp.
Here he was fortunate enough to be tutored by one of the most important landscape painters of nineteenth century Belgium, Isidore Verheyden as well as receiving classes in figure painting from Herman Richir.

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Julian Onderdonk | Impressionist painter

Julian Onderdonk (1882-1922) was a Texan Impressionist painter, often called "the father of Texas painting".
President George W. Bush decorated the Oval Office with three of Onderdonk's paintings.
The Dallas Museum of Art has several rooms dedicated exclusively to Onderdonk's work. His art studio currently resides on the grounds of the Witte Museum.

Early years

Julian Onderdonk was born in San Antonio, Texas, to Robert Jenkins Onderdonk, a painter, and Emily Gould Onderdonk. He was the brother of Eleanor Onderdonk, also a prominent Texas painter, sculptor, and art administrator. His grandfather Henry Onderdonk was the Headmaster of Saint James School in Maryland, from which Julian's father Robert graduated.

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Helen Maria Turner (1858-1958) | Impressionist painter

Helen Maria Turner was an American painter and teacher known for her work in oils, watercolors and pastels in which she created miniatures, landscapes, still lifes and portraits, often in an Impressionist style.

Life and career

Turner was born in Louisville, Kentucky while her parents, Mortimer Turner and Helen Maria Davidson, were on a long visit to family in the town. Her lineage was respectable; she was the great-granddaughter of John Pintard of New York, granddaughter of a well-known doctor from New Orleans, and daughter of a wealthy Louisiana businessman.
Turner spent much of her early life between Alexandria, Louisiana and New Orleans, and early became a refugee from the American Civil War, which destroyed her father's fortune and led to the loss of his business.

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Candace Lovely, 1953

Candace Whittemore Lovely is an American impressionist painter known for her paintings of contemporary American life, including landscapes of treasured locales and people at play in idyllic locations. She lives and works in Hilton Head Island, South Carolina.
In 1991, Lovely painted the official portrait of former First Lady Barbara Bush that now hangs in the George Bush Presidential Library and Museum.
She has been called "the grand dame of Boston painters".

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Ten American Painters, 1897-1918

The Ten American Painters (also known as The Ten) was an artists' group formed in 1898 to exhibit their work as a unified group.
John Henry Twachtman, J. Alden Weir and Childe Hassam were the driving forces behind the organization. Dissatisfied with the conservatism of the American art establishment, the three artists recruited seven others from Boston, New York City, and elsewhere on the East Coast, with the intention of creating an exhibition society that valued their view of originality, imagination, and exhibition quality.
The Ten achieved popular and critical success, and lasted two decades before dissolving.


In America, popular painting styles usually originated on the east coast in cities like New York and Boston.
The Ten continued a tradition of artists forming new groups in reaction to a lack of support from existing artists' groups. Thus, the National Academy of Design (founded in 1825 by students dissatisfied by the conservatism of the older American Academy of the Fine Arts) eventually became too conservative to suit the artists who in 1877 initiated the Society of American Artists so they could meet and exhibit their work as a collective.

Frank W. Benson | Summer, 1909

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Claude Monet | Vita ed Opere

Claude-Oscar Monet (Parigi, 14 novembre 1840 - Giverny, 5 dicembre 1926) è stato un pittore Francese, considerato il padre dell'Impressionismo.

La formazione artistica

Claude Monet nacque nel 1840 a Parigi in rue Laffitte, secondogenito di Claude Adolphe e di Louise Justine Aubrée, una giovane vedova al suo secondo matrimonio. Nel 1845 i Monet si trasferirono a Sainte-Adresse, un sobborgo di Le Havre, dove il padre iniziò a gestire un negozio di drogheria e di forniture marittime insieme con il cognato Jacques Lecadre. A quindici anni l'adolescente Claude cominciò a disegnare a matita e a carboncino, e a vendere bonarie caricature di personaggi della città alla buona somma di una decina di franchi l'una, acquistando così una certa fama nella città insieme ad un modesto gruzzolo

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Abbott Handerson Thayer (1849-1921)

Painter, best known for his idealistic and allegorical paintings of women as angels and madonnas. His interest in color and nature led to his writing Concealing Coloration in the Animal Kingdom (1909), the basis for camouflage techniques in World War I.

Abbott Thayer: The Nature of Art

Abbott Handerson Thayer, is recognized today for his ethereal angels, portraits of women and children, landscapes, and delicate flower paintings. A New Englander who expressed the spiritual in much of his work, he was known as a “soul painter”. In his own time, his work was praised by critics even as it was popular with the public and sought after by collectors.

Thayer’s World

Thayer was born into a distinguished Boston family. In the 1880s and 1890s he was a leader in the New York art world. While he carried on a lively trade in portraits, he also began to paint allegorical figures, which had gained popularity among collectors with a taste for subjects from classical antiquity and the European Renaissance.
In 1891, his first wife Kate Bloede Thayer died; her loss changed Thayer’s art and his outlook on life in virtually every respect. Her family, intellectually and artistically distinguished German émigrés, had introduced Thayer to the romantic world of literature, music, and philosophy.

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Edward Simmons (1852-1931)

Edward Emerson Simmons was an American Impressionist painter, remembered for his mural work.


His father was a Unitarian minister. He graduated from Harvard College in 1874, and was a pupil of Lefebvre and Boulanger in Paris, where he took a gold medal.
In 1894, Simmons was awarded the first commission of the Municipal Art Society, a series of murals - Justice, The Fates, and The Rights of Man - for the interior of the Criminal Courthouse at 100 Centre Street in Manhattan.
This court is the criminal branch of New York Supreme Court (the trial court in New York), where many New Yorkers serve on jury duty.
Later Simmons decorated the Waldorf Astoria New York hotel, the Library of Congress in Washington, and the mural series "Civilization of the Northwest" in the Minnesota State Capitol rotunda in Saint Paul.

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Claude Monet | Life and artworks

Claude Monet - in full Oscar-Claude Monet (born November 14, 1840, Paris, France-died December 5, 1926, Giverny), French painter who was the initiator, leader and unswerving advocate of the Impressionist style.
In his mature works, Monet developed his method of producing repeated studies of the same motif in series, changing canvases with the light or as his interest shifted.
These series were frequently exhibited in groups-for example, his images of haystacks (1891) and the Rouen Cathedral, 1894.

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Pauline Palmer (1867-1938)

Pauline Lennards Palmer was an American artist based in Chicago. She is counted among Impressionism.

Early life

Pauline Lennards was born in McHenry, Illinois, the daughter of Nicholas Lennards, a merchant, and Frances Spanganacher Lennards. Her parents were both immigrants from Prussia; she grew up speaking German as her first language.
She studied art at the Art Institute of Chicago, under William Merritt Chase, Frank Duveneck and Kenneth Hayes Miller.
She pursued further training in Paris at Académie Colarossi, the Académie de la Grande Chaumière, and with Paris-based American painter Richard E. Miller.

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Theodore Earl Butler | Impressionist painter

Theodore Earl Butler (1861–1936) was an American impressionist painter. He was born in Columbus, Ohio, and moved to Paris to study art. He befriended Claude Monet in Giverny, and married his stepdaughter, Suzanne Hoschedé. After her death he married her sister, Marthe Hoschedé. Butler was a founding member of the Society of Independent Artists.
Butler's chosen subjects were domestic scenes of family and friends and the French landscape. Although his Impressionistic approach to painting sometimes reflected the influence of his father-in-law, his work also suggests Post-Impressionist tendencies.


Butler studied at Marietta College in Ohio and graduated in 1882. He studied at the Art Students League with James Carroll Beckwith, Kenyon Cox and J. Alden Weir, and under William Merritt Chase from 1884-1886. One of Butler's first paintings is a copy of Menippus by Diego Velázquez (1639–1641) Standing Bearded Man, 1885. Butler then moved to study in Paris.
In Paris, Butler enrolled at La Grande-Chaumière, Académie Colarossi and at Académie Julian. Butler studied under Emile Carolus Duran. Carolus opened an art studio in 1873 on Boulevard Montparnasse, called the "81". Carolus, who was also known to have given free private lessons to some painters, introduced his students to the work of Claude Monet.

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Wilfrid Gabriel de Glehn | Impressionist painter

Wilfrid Gabriel de Glehn (sometimes 'Wilfried') RA (1870-1951) was an Impressionist British painter, elected to the Royal Academy in 1932.


De Glehn's father was Alexander de Glehn of Sydenham, London. His mother was French.
Louise Creighton, a women's rights activist and author, and Alfred de Glehn, a French steam locomotive designer, were Alexander's sister and brother.

Wilfried von Glehn (he changed his name in May 1917) was born in Sydenham in south-east London. After schooling at Brighton College with his brother Louis, he studied art at the South Kensington School of Art, and the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris.
He was then hired by Edwin Austin Abbey and John Singer Sargent to assist them on their Boston Public Library mural project at Morgan Hall (c.1890-1893).

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Theodore Robinson | The first American impressionist

Long considered the first American impressionist, Theodore Robinson (1852-1896) was born in Irasburg, Vermont, but spent most of his childhood in the rural Midwest, predominantly Wisconsin.
Robinson’s formal art education began at the Art Institute of Chicago (1869-1870) and continued at the National Academy of Design in New York (1874-1876), where he was one of the founders of the Art Students League.
In 1876 he journeyed to Paris and entered the atelier of the academician Carolus-Duran but later moved to the École des Beaux-Arts to study with Jean-Léon Gérôme.

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The Giverny Art Colony, 1885-1915

Between 1885 and 1915, the village of Giverny attracted more than 350 artists (Americans accounted for the majority) from at least eighteen countries around the world (including Argentina, Australia, Canada, Great Britain and Poland) - transforming from a sleepy community to a vibrant and important Artists' Colony.

The presence of master Claude Monet (known to the American artists through both Parisian and American exhibitions), who settled in the village in 1883, attracted a small band of artists, including Theodore Robinson, Willard Metcalf, Louis Ritter, Theodore Wendel and John Leslie Breck.

John Leslie Breck | Garden at Giverny, 1887-91

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Louis Ritter (1854-1892)

Born: 1854, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America.
Died: 1892, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.


Louis Ritter’s landscape paintings of scenes in Europe and on the New England coast demonstrate the influence of new trends in European art that were just beginning to infiltrate American painting in the 1870s and 1880s.
Born in Cincinnati, he studied at the McMicken School of Design in 1873-74.
In 1878 he went to Munich, Germany, like many of his fellow compatriots, to enroll in the prestigious Royal Academy of Munich, where he won a silver medal in drawing.
Ritter studied with influential American painter and teacher Frank Duveneck, a native of the Cincinnati area.