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John Constable RA | Romantic painter


John Constable (1776-1837) is famous for his landscapes, which are mostly of the Suffolk countryside, where he was born and lived.
He made many open-air sketches, using these as a basis for his large exhibition paintings, which were worked up in the studio.
His pictures are extremely popular today, but they were not particularly well received in England during his lifetime.
He did, however, have considerable success in Paris.
Constable was born in East Bergholt, Suffolk.
He was largely self-taught, and developed slowly.
In 1799 he was a probationer, and in 1800 a student at the Royal Academy schools.


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Adam de Coster | Baroque / Genre painter


Little is known of the biography of Adam de Coster (1586 in Mechelen - 4 May 1643 in Antwerp).
Born in 1586 in the Flemish city of Mechelen, a province of Antwerp, he appears to have spent much of his career in Antwerp and became a Master of the Guild of Saint Luke around 1607.
His portrait was reproduced as an engraving in Anthony van Dyck's🎨 Iconography, where he was described as "pictor noctium", signaling that his reputation as a painter of night scenes had firmly been established in Northern Europe by the 1630s.
Although documentary evidence only ever records de Coster outside of Antwerp in 1635 when he visited Hamburg, Nicolson has noted that correspondences between his paintings and the works of the Lombard artist Antonio Campi suggest a possible sojourn to Italy.


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Hubert Robert | Visionary painter


Hubert Robert, (born May 22, 1733, Paris, France - died April 15, 1808, Paris), French🎨 landscape painter sometimes called Robert des Ruines because of his many romantic representations of Roman ruins set in idealized surroundings.
Robert left Paris for Rome in 1754 and studied at the French Academy there.
He also met the French painter Jean-Honoré Fragonard in Rome, and in 1760 they traveled together with the Abbé de Saint-Non through southern Italy on a drawing expedition.
Robert developed a strong fascination with architecture and ruins, and he was strongly influenced by Giovanni Battista Piranesi, the renowned etcher of architectural subjects who was then publishing his great collections of etchings of Roman architecture.
Among Robert’s best-known works from his Roman period is a series of red chalk drawings of the gardens at the Villa d’Este, that feature the garden’s dilapidated Classical-style architecture set in an overgrown landscape and animated with small human figures.


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Hubert Robert | The Grande Galerie of the Louvre


Hubert Robert🎨 (22 May 1733 - 15 April 1808), was a French painter🎨, noted for his landscape paintings and picturesque depictions of ruins.
In 1784 Louis XVI appointed him keeper of his pictures and gave him responsibility for creating a museum at the Louvre🎨.

For biographical notes and earlier works by Hubert Robert see:
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Julien Dupré | The Barbizon school of painters


Julien Dupré (March 18, 1851 - April 16, 1910) was a French painter🎨.
He was born in Paris on March 18, 1851 to Jean Dupré (a jeweler) and Pauline Bouillié and began his adult life working in a lace shop in anticipation of entering his family's jewelry business.
The war of 1870 and the siege of Paris forced the closure of the shop and Julien began taking evening courses at the Ecole des Arts Décoratifs and it was through these classes that he gained admission to the École des Beaux-Arts.


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Jules Dupré | The Barbizon school of painters


Born in 1811 in Nantes, Jules Dupré (1811-1889) spent his boyhood in L'Isle-Adam on the Oise river, near Paris.
Here he had his early initiation to art, as an apprentice decorator of porcelain in his father's china works.
At the age of twelve, he was sent to Paris, to work in the porcelain factory of an uncle, Arsène Gillet.
His fellow workers included several young artists who would play a role in his later life, among them Narcisse Diaz de la Peña🎨 (1808-1876).
Though during his early years in Paris, Dupré briefly studied with a painter of landscape, Jean-Michel Diebolt (b. 1779), he started on his artistic career nearly without formal training.


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Charles-François Daubigny | The Barbizon school of painters


Charles-François Daubigny (15 February 1817 - 19 February 1878) was one of the painters of the Barbizon school🎨, and is considered an important precursor of Impressionism🎨.
Daubigny was born in Paris, into a family of painters and was taught the art by his father Edmond François Daubigny and his uncle, miniaturist Pierre Daubigny.


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