En Plein Air painting, in its strictest sense, the practice of painting landscape pictures out-of-doors; more loosely, the achievement of an intense impression of the open air (French: plein air) in a landscape painting.
Until the time of the painters of the Barbizon school in mid-19th-century France, it was normal practice to execute rough sketches of landscape subjects in the open air and produce finished paintings in the studio. Part of this was a matter of convenience. Before the invention of the collapsible tin paint tube, widely marketed by the colour merchants Winsor Newton in 1841, painters purchased their colours in the form of ground pigment and mixed them fresh with an appropriate medium such as oil.
Agnes Slott-Møller, born Rambusch (10 June, 1862, in Nyboder - June 11, 1937 in Løgismose) was the daughter of the later commander in the Navy Jacob Heinrich Victor Rambusch (1825-1886) and his wife Constantine Juliane born Hansen (1834-1891). She was a Danish painter and sculptor who was influenced by Italian art before the Renaissance, British Pre-Raphaelites and the Arts and Crafts Movement in his image and style.Agnes Slott-Møller grew up in a home where she soon became aligned with the interest of Denmark and Danish culture that came to dominate her life and art.She read books on Danish history, and Adam Fabricius: "Illustrated History of Denmark", which is characterized by Lorenz Frølich drawings, became important for her, as she followed the road marked by the said Frølich and Niels Skovgaard, or even Christian Zahrtmann.
Born in Copenhagen, Danish painter Slott Georg Harald Møller (17 August 1864 - 20 October 1937) was the son of merchant Carl Emil Møller and Anna Maria née Møller. After completing the preparatory course at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts (1883), he painted for three years under Peder Severin Krøyer.Slott-Møller first exhibited in 1886 at the Charlottenborg Spring Exhibition and attracted attention in 1888 with his large lively work Fattigfolk i Fattiglægens Venteværelse | Poor People in the Poor Doctor's Waiting Room. He exhibited at Kunsthal Charlottenborg and Den Frie Udstilling with individual portraits, such as that of Georg Brandes (Georg Brandes at the University in Copenhagen, 1889) and landscapes, which often featured a prominent spot.
Benvenuto Benvenuti (Livorno, October 5, 1881 - Livorno, 1959) was an Italian painter, mainly of landscapes. He first trained under Lorenzo Cecchi at the School of Arts and Crafts of Livorno. He was influenced by the Macchiaioli landscape painter, Adolfo Tommasi, who became his close friend. Benvenuto began exhibiting as a 15 year old in 1896. During the next decade, he was able to meet or be influenced by Lloyd, Fattori and Signorini. In 1900 he begins to experiment with Divisionism, influenced by Vittore Grubicy, with whom he became close friends.
Plinio Nomellini (Livorno, 1866 - Florence, 1943) was an Italian painter. Nomellini left his hometown of Livorno and enrolled in 1885 at the Florence Academy of Fine Arts, where he studied under Giovanni Fattori and formed friendships with Telemaco Signorini and Silvestro Lega as well as Giuseppe Pellizza some time later. He took part in the Paris Universal Exhibition of 1889 and moved to Genoa, where he adopted Divisionism, the following year. He exhibited a piece inspired by the Genoese workers’ strikes at the 1st Brera Triennale in 1891 and was arrested on charges of anarchism in 1894.
Dutch painter and teacher Matthijs Röling (Oostkapelle, 1943) received the prize for his entire painted oeuvre. The jury was particularly impressed by the fact that his teaching at the Academie Minerva in Groningen has been no less inspirational to large numbers of younger artists than his painting. In 1983 Matthijs Röling began working on large-scale decorative projects, such as monumental canvases and wall and ceiling paintings. In recent years these projects have come to occupy an increasingly important place within Röling's highly diverse oeuvre. His manner has been compared to that of the Old Masters, and the illusionistic scenes he paints on walls and ceilings are reminiscent of frescoes. Notwithstanding these parallels with the past, Röling's work is distinguished by his independence, integrity and craftsmanship.
Cesare Augusto Detti (1847-1914) is considered one of Italy’s most celebrated historical Genre painters.Like most of the Italian peninsula in the nineteenth century, the Umbrian city of Spoleto was actively involved in the Risorgimento, the political and cultural movement for Italian unification. Inspired by the progressive ideals of the eighteenth century and the romantic nationalism of the 1820s and 1830s, the people took to the streets in 1848 to proclaim Italy a unified nation, no longer separated into small dominions based on historically defined boundaries. It was into this environment that Cesare Augusto Detti was born to Annunziata Vannini and Davide Detti on November 28, 1847, scarcely more than a month before the first of the revolutionary actions began. Against the backdrop of this populist political struggle, Detti enjoyed a comfortable childhood with parents who encouraged his interest in art.