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Józef Pankiewicz | Impressionist painter

Józef Pankiewicz (29 November 1866 in Lublin - 4 July 1940 in La Ciotat) was a Polish impressionist painter, graphic artist and teacher who spent much of his career in France.
From 1884-1885, he studied at the School of Fine Arts in Warsaw under Wojciech Gerson and Aleksander Kamiński.
After obtaining a scholarship, he went to Saint Petersburg to study at the Imperial Academy of Arts.
In 1889, he and his studio partner Władysław Podkowiński went to Paris to participate in the Exposition Universelle and he was awarded a silver medal for his painting of a vegetable market.

While there, he was influenced by the impressionists and, when he returned to Poland in 1890, attempted to introduce the latest French trends there.
The reaction from critics was largely hostile; one going so far as to advise him to see an optometrist.

He persisted, however, and later produced a series of portraits inspired by the work of James McNeill Whistler.
His portrait, "Mrs. Oderfeld and her Daughter", won a gold medal at the Exposition Universelle (1900).
He was also a frequent exhibitor at the Salon.
In 1897, he became one of the founding members of the Society of Polish Artists "Sztuka".

For the next nine years, he travelled continuously throughout Western Europe, until he was appointed a Professor at the Kraków Academy of Fine Arts in 1906.
He continued to travel in France, especially along the Mediterranean coast, producing a large series of landscapes and city views which increasingly showed the influence of Paul Cézanne.
During the First World War, he lived in Spain, where he met Robert Delaunay and once again absorbed new post-impressionist influences into his style; notably fauvism.
He became the leader of a group of young artists known as the Kapists (Colourists), whose members were opposed to the Romantic tradition in Polish art.
In 1923, he returned to the Academy in Kraków.
After 1925, he was the Director of its branch in Paris.

Among his notable students were Józef Czapski, Alice Halicka, Moïse Kisling, Jan Rubczak, Zygmunt Waliszewski and Wacław Zawadowski.
Between the wars, his style evolved again, becoming more decorative, and he painted a series of still-lifes.
He also continued to paint landscapes in Southern France.
  • In 1927, he was named a member of the Legion of Honor.
In 1933, he was awarded the Order of Polonia Restituta.
A major showing of his works was held at the National Museum to celebrate his seventieth birthday in 1936.
The following year, he retired and went to live in La Ciotat, near Marseilles, where he died.

Józef Pankiewicz (Lublino 1866 - La Ciotat, Bouches-du-Rhône, 1940), è stato il pittore Polacco che introdusse in Polonia l'Impressionismo.
Pankiewicz ha ricevuto la sua formazione presso l'Accademia d'arte da Varsavia, con Wojciech Gerson ed Alexander Kamiński.
Con il suo amico Władysław Podkowiński poi è andato a San Pietroburgo e vi studiò nel 1885-1886 all'Accademia d'arte.

Sotto l'influenza del lavoro della Barbizon School durante quel periodo ha dipinto nello stile realista.
Dopo il suo ritorno a Varsavia ha aperto uno studio con Podkowiński e ha realizzato principalmente opere di genere sulla vita quotidiana ebraica.

Nel 1889 Pankiewicz viaggiò con Podkowiński a Parigi dove si sono incontrati con Władysław Ślewiński.
In parte sotto la sua influenza, passò allo stile dell'impressionismo.

Nel 1890 ha tenuto una mostra di successo a Varsavia principalmente con dei paesaggi.
Ha anche dipinto molti ritratti, nature morte e scene di città.
Successivamente il suo lavoro mostra anche influenze post-impressioniste e fauviste, perciò viene considerato il primo colorista Polacco.

Pankiewicz intraprese molti altri viaggi Europa. Trascorse le vacanze in Francia, dove incontrò Pierre Bonnard e Claude Monet.
Durante Prima guerra mondiale lui è rimasto Spagna e ne fu colpito dal cubismo di Picasso e Braque.
Dal 1897-1910 Pankiewicz fu membro della società polacca "Kunst" (Sztuka).

Dal 1906-1923 (ad eccezione degli anni 1914-1918) fu professore presso l'Accademia di Belle Arti di Cracovia.
Successivamente è stato a lungo direttore della sezione parigina dell'Accademia di Cracovia.
Nel 1927 fu inserito nel Legion d'Honneur.
All'inizio del Seconda Guerra Mondiale, nel 1939, Pankiewicz partì per La Ciotat, nel sud della Francia, dove morì un anno dopo, all'età di 83 anni.