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Surrealist Artists | History and Sitemap

Surrealism originated in the late 1910s and early ’20s as a literary movement that experimented with a new mode of expression called automatic writing, or automatism, which sought to release the unbridled imagination of the subconscious.
Officially consecrated in Paris in 1924 with the publication of the Manifesto of Surrealism by the poet and critic André Breton (1896-1966), Surrealism became an international intellectual and political movement.
Breton, a trained psychiatrist, along with French poets Louis Aragon (1897-1982), Paul Éluard (1895-1952) and Philippe Soupault (1897-1990), were influenced by the psychological theories and dream studies of Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) and the political ideas of Karl Marx (1818-1883).

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Using Freudian methods of free association, their poetry and prose drew upon the private world of the mind, traditionally restricted by reason and societal limitations, to produce surprising, unexpected imagery.

The cerebral and irrational tenets of Surrealism find their ancestry in the clever and whimsical disregard for tradition fostered by Dadaism a decade earlier.
Surrealist poets were at first reluctant to align themselves with visual artists because they believed that the laborious processes of painting, drawing, and sculpting were at odds with the spontaneity of uninhibited expression.
However, Breton and his followers did not altogether ignore visual art.
They held high regard for artists such as Giorgio de Chirico (1888-1978), Pablo Picasso (1881-1973), Francis Picabia (1879-1953), and Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968) because of the analytic, provocative, and erotic qualities of their work.


For example, Duchamp’s conceptually complex Bride Stripped Bare by Her Bachelors, Even (The Large Glass) (1915-23; Philadelphia Museum of Art) was admired by Surrealists and is considered a precursor to the movement because of its bizarrely juxtaposed and erotically charged objects.

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In 1925, Breton substantiated his support for visual expression by reproducing the works of artists such as Picasso in the journal La Révolution Surréaliste and organizing exhibitions that prominently featured painting and drawing.


The visual artists who first worked with Surrealist techniques and imagery were the German Max Ernst (1891-1976), the Frenchman André Masson (1896-1987), the Spaniard Joan Miró (1893-1983), and the American Man Ray (1890-1976).
Masson’s free-association drawings of 1924 are curving, continuous lines out of which emerge strange and symbolic figures that are products of an uninhibited mind. Breton considered Masson’s drawings akin to his automatism in poetry. Miró’s Potato of 1928 uses comparable organic forms and twisted lines to create an imaginative world of fantastic figures.
About 1937, Ernst, a former Dadaist, began to experiment with two unpredictable processes called decalcomania and grattage.
Decalcomania is the technique of pressing a sheet of paper onto a painted surface and peeling it off again, while grattage is the process of scraping pigment across a canvas that is laid on top of a textured surface.

Rene Magritte | La Reconnaissance Infinie, 1961

Ernst used a combination of these techniques in The Barbarians of 1937, a composition of sparring anthropomorphic figures in a deserted postapocalyptic landscape that exemplifies the recurrent themes of violence and annihilation found in Surrealist art.
In 1927, the Belgian artist René Magritte (1898-1967) moved from Brussels to Paris and became a leading figure in the visual Surrealist movement. Influenced by de Chirico’s paintings between 1910-1920, Magritte painted erotically explicit objects juxtaposed in dreamlike surroundings.

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His work defined a split between the visual automatism fostered by Masson and Miró (and originally with words by Breton) and a new form of illusionistic Surrealism practiced by the Spaniard Salvador Dalí (1904-1989), the Belgian Paul Delvaux (1897-1994), and the French-American Yves Tanguy (1900-1955).
In The Eternally Obvious, Magritte’s artistic display of a dismembered female figure is emotionally shocking.
In The Satin Tuning Fork, Tanguy filled an illusionistic space with unidentifiable, yet sexually suggestive, objects rendered with great precision. The painting’s mysterious lighting, long shadows, deep receding space, and sense of loneliness also recall the ominous settings of de Chirico.
In 1929, Dalí moved from Spain to Paris and made his first Surrealist paintings. He expanded on Magritte’s dream imagery with his own erotically charged, hallucinatory visions. In The Accommodations of Desire of 1929, Dalí employed Freudian symbols, such as ants, to symbolize his overwhelming sexual desire.
In 1930, Breton praised Dalí’s representations of the unconscious in the Second Manifesto of Surrealism. They became the main collaborators on the review Minotaure (1933-39), a primarily Surrealist-oriented publication founded in Paris.
The organized Surrealist movement in Europe dissolved with the onset of World War II. Breton, Dalí, Ernst, Masson, and others, including the Chilean artist Matta (1911-2002), who first joined the Surrealists in 1937, left Europe for New York.
The movement found renewal in the United States at Peggy Guggenheim’s gallery, Art of This Century, and the Julien Levy Gallery.
In 1940, Breton organized the fourth International Surrealist Exhibition in Mexico City, which included the Mexicans Frida Kahlo (1907-1954) and Diego Rivera (1886-1957) (although neither artist officially joined the movement).
Surrealism’s surprising imagery, deep symbolism, refined painting techniques, and disdain for convention influenced later generations of artists, including Joseph Cornell (1903-1972) and Arshile Gorky (1904-1948), the latter whose work formed a continuum between Surrealism and Abstract Expressionism. | James Voorhies © Department of European Paintings, The Metropolitan Museum of Art

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List of Artists: Painters, Sculptors, Photographers associated with Surrealism

  1. Victor Nizovtsev, 1965 | Symbolism / Fantasy painter
  2. Kris Lewis, 1978 | Pop-Surrealist painter
  3. Ramiro Ramírez Cardona, 1954 | Surrealist / Realist painter
  4. DeAngel, 1966 | Surrealist / Hyperrealist painter
  5. Jean-Pierre Alaux, 1925 | Surrealist / Symbolist painter
  6. Johnny Palacios Hidalgo, 1970 | Surrealist / Hyperrealist painter
  7. Vito Campanella | Surrealist / Metaphysics painter
  8. Vito Campanella, 1932-2014 | Surrealist / Metaphysics painter
  9. René Magritte | Surrealist painter
  10. Eduard Zentsik, 1975 | Symbolist / Surrealist painter
  11. Brad Kunkle, 1978 | Surrealist painter
  12. Salvador Dali | Surrealist painter and sculptor
  13. Andrey Gorenkov / Андрей Горенков, 1969 | Surrealist painter
  14. Marina Podgaevskaya / Марина Подгаевская, 1963 | Ballet dancers
  15. Jose Roosevelt, 1958 | Surrealist painter / Illustrator
  16. Dorina Costras, 1967 | Surrealist Figurative painter
  17. Rolando Cubero, 1957 | Figurative painter
  18. Valeriy Belenikin / Валерий Беленикин, 1961 | Figurative painter
  19. Marta Dahlig, 1985 | Fantasy / Concept Illustrator
  20. Jim Warren, 1949 | Fantasy / Surrealist painter
  21. Jeanette Guichard Bunel, 1957 | Pop Art / Surrealist painter
  22. Andrius Kovelinas, 1958 | Surrealist painter
  23. Mike Worrall, 1942 | Surrealist painter
  24. Bruno Di Maio, 1944 | Fantasy / Figurative painter
  25. Pablo Neruda | The Kiss / Il Bacio / El beso
  26. Troy Brooks, 1972 | Pop-Surrealism painter
  27. Elena Vizerskaya, 1980 | Surrealist photographer
  28. Tomasz Alen Kopera, 1976 | Magic Surrealism painter
  29. Tomek Setowski, 1961 | Magic Realism painter
  30. Vijender Sharma, 1962 | Surrealist / Metaphysical painter
  31. Dragan Ilic Di Vogo, 1962 | Fantastic / Surrealist painter
  32. Claude Verlinde, 1927 | Fantastic Realism painter
  33. Miroslav Yotov, 1977 | Figurative / Surrealist painter
  34. Kenne Gregoire, 1951 | New realism Painter / Sculptor
  35. Saturno Butto, 1957 | Wine Tasting (Camilla), 2015
  36. Saturno Butto, 1957 | Surrealist / Hyperrealistic painter
  37. Juan Medina, 1950 | Surrealist / Hyperrealist painter
  38. Chelìn Sanjuan, 1967 | Surrealist painter
  39. Karol Bąk, 1961 | Fantasy / Figurative painter
  40. Brian McCarthy, 1960 | Magic Realism painter
  41. Myrtille Henrion Picco, 1952 | Neo-Surrealist painter
  42. Giuseppe Arcimboldo | Mannerist painter
  43. James R. Eads and Chris McDaniel | Illusions in gif
  44. Chagall / Khalil Gibran | Farò della mia anima../I will do a casket of my soul
  45. Silvia Pelissero, 1991 | Pop Surrealism / Watercolor painter
  46. Kris Kuksi, 1973 | Rococo Style / Surrealist sculptor
  47. Brita Seifert, 1963 | Surrealist painter
  48. Francis Picabia | Cubist / Dada / Surrealist painter
  49. Horacio Cardozo, 1968 | Hyperrealist /Surrealist painter
  50. Alberto Pancorbo, 1956 | Fantastic Realism painter
  51. Bruno Di Maio, 1944 | Surrealist Figurative painter
  52. Rafal Olbinski, 1945 | Surrealist / Visionary painter
  53. Felice Pedretti, 1961 | Metaphysical / Symbolist painter
  54. Ceslovas Cesnakevicius | Surrealist / Digital photographer
  55. Michael Cheval, 1966 | Playhouse of Quintessence
  56. Michael Cheval, 1966 | Absurdist / Surrealist painter
  57. Michael Cheval, 1966 | Absurdist / Surrealist painter | VideoArt
  58. Bernard Pras, 1952 | Surrealist sculptor
  59. Marc Chagall | Four Seasons, Chicago ,1974
  60. Marc Chagall | Le Cirque series
  61. Jungho Lee | Surrealist illustrator
  62. Thor Lindeneg, 1941 | Surrealist / Symbolist painter
  63. Marc Chagall | Quotes / Aforismi
  64. Yaroslav Gerzhedovich, 1970 | Surrealist / Gothic style painter
  65. Merab Gagiladze, 1972 | Fantasy / Surrealist painter
  66. Andrew Ferez / Андрей Ферез | Surrealist / Fantasy painter
  67. Serguei Zlenko / Сергей Зленко, 1960 | Ballet dancers
  68. Serguei Zlenko / Сергей Зленко, 1960 | Realist / Surrealist painter
  69. Isabel Miramontes, 1962 | Abstract surrealist sculptor
  70. Aykut Aydogdu, 1986 | Surrealist digital painter
  71. Bruno Mondot, 1964 | Surrealist / Trompe l’oeil painter
  72. George Grie / Джордж Грие, 1962 | Neo-Surrealist painter
  73. Pablo Neruda / Duy Huynh | Ode to the Happy Day / Ode al giorno felice
  74. Jaroslav Seifert / George Grie | To be a Poet / Essere Poeta, 1983
  75. Tomek Setowski, 1961 | Magical Realism painter ⁽²⁾
  76. Marco Rossati, 1943 | Metaphysical Realism painter
  77. Alda Merini / Marc Chagall | I do not need money / Io non ho bisogno di denaro..
  78. Stefano Di Stasio, 1948 | The Anacronisti group painters
  79. Andrey Remnev | Андрей Ремнев, 1962 | Magic Realism painter
  80. Jorge Marin, 1963 | Figurative sculptor
  81. Piero Bresciani, 1945 | Symbolist / Surrealist painter
  82. Kazuhiko Tanaka 田中一彦, 1947 | Stone / clay sculpture
  83. Marie Laure Vareilles, 1966 | Surrealist photographer
  84. Mary Alayne Thomas | Surrealist Fantasy painter
  85. Andrius Kovelinas, 1958 | Surrealist figurative painter
  86. Andrew Hem | Pop Surrealist painter
  87. Daria Petrilli, 1970 | Surrealist Illustrator
  88. Hernan Javier Muñoz, 1983 | Surrealist painter
  89. Lori Earley | Pop surrealism painter
  90. Frida Kahlo | You rain on me - I sky you, | Tu mi piovi - Io ti cielo, 1947
  91. Vytautas Laisonas, 1965 | Magic Realism painter
  92. Marina Podgaevskaya / Марина Подгаевская, 1963 | Abstract Figurative painter
  93. Alexei Antonov, 1957 | Surrealist / Still life painter
  94. Gigino Falconi, 1933 | Surrealist painter
  95. Alessandro Sicioldr, 1990 | Visionary painter
  96. Frida Kahlo: I paint self-portraits because I am so often alone..
  97. Rafal Olbinski, 1943 | Surrealist painter
  98. Pablo Picasso | Cubist / Surrealist painter | Part. 2
  99. Pablo Picasso | Cubist / Surrealist painter | Part. 1
  100. James R. Eads, 1989 | Surrealist Illustrator | After Van Gogh
  101. James R. Eads, 1989 | Surrealist Illustrator | The New-Age Van Gogh
  102. Pablo Picasso | Il Guernica, 1937 | Art in Detail
  103. Pablo Picasso | Cubist / Surrealist painter
  104. Dimitri Vojnov, 1946 | Symbolist / Surrealist painter
  105. Witali Zuk /Виталий Жук, 1973 | Fantasy Art
  106. Tina Cassati | Surrealist Fashion
  107. Rob Gonsalves, 1959 | Surrealist /Optical Illusion painter
  108. Victor Hugo | Symbolist /Surrealist / Abstract Expressionism painter
  109. Theodoros Pantaleon /Θεόδωρος Πανταλέων, 1945 | Surrealist painter
  110. John Currin, 1962 | Pop surrealism painter
  111. Marco Busoni, 1962 | Surreal figure /Plein air painter
  112. Nikolay Reznichenko, 1958 | Surrealist Figurative painter
  113. Loui Jover, 1967 | Abstract /Surrealist painter
  114. Salvatore Alessi, 1974 | Figurative painter
  115. Pakayla Biehn, 1986 | Surrealist painter
  116. Anne Bachelier, 1949 | Surrealist /Visionary painter | VideoArt
  117. Anne Bachelier, 1949 | Surrealist /Visionary painter
  118. Neil Simone, 1947 | Visionary Surrealist painter
  119. Thomas Danthony, 1988 | Surreal Spaces
  120. Brahim Achir, 1956 | Surrealismo Visionario
  121. Eric Roux-Fontaine, 1966 | Magical Realism painter
  122. Bruno Di Maio, 1944 | Ballet dancers
  123. Bruno Catalano, 1960 | Symbolist / Surrealist sculptor | Public Art
  124. Alex Fishgoyt | Visionary /Surrealist painter
  125. Pavel Tchelitchew | Abstract /Surrealist painter
  126. Miho Hirano /平野実穂 | Pop Fantasy Art
  127. Kinga Britschgi, 1963 | Surrealist painter
  128. Federico Infante, 1982 | Surrealist painter /Illustrator | Part 2
  129. Dan Quintana, 1982 | Pop Surrealism /Symbolist painter
  130. Federico Infante, 1982 | Surrealist painter /Illustrator
  131. Kelly Denato | Pop Surrealism painter
  132. Maria Giulia Alemanno | Magical Realism / Surrealist painter
  133. Roberto Fontirossi, 1940 | Surrealist /Visionary painter
  134. Gerrit Dou | Baroque Era painter
  135. Francis De Saint-Genies, 1925 | Surrealist / Symbolist Painter / Lithographer
  136. Victor Nizovtsev /Виктор Низовцев, 1965 | Fantasy painter
  137. Titti Garelli,1948 | Pop Surrealism /Gothic style painter
  138. Gianni De Conno, 1957 | Surrealist Illustrator
  139. Dario Maglionico, 1986 | Surrealist Figurative painter
  140. Frida Kahlo | Quotes /Aforismi
  141. Salvador Dali | Surrealist Newton, 1977
  142. Lui Liu 刘溢, 1957 | Surrealist painter
  143. Marc Chagall | Birthday / Il Compleanno, 1915
  144. Helmut Leherb | Surrealist / Fantastic Realism painter and sculptor
  145. Salvador Dali | Surrealist / Dadaist / Cubist painter and sculptor | Part. 3
  146. Salvador Dali | Surrealist / Dadaist / Cubist painter and sculptor | Part. 2
  147. Salvador Dali | Watercolors
  148. Salvador Dali | Drawing
  149. Christine Ellger, 1948 | Surrealist Fine Art Photographer
  150. Eyvind Earle | Conceptual Surrealist painter /Illustrator
  151. Zdislav Beksinski | Utopian Realism /Surreal architecture painter
  152. Mia Araujo, 1986 | Pop-Surrealism painter
  153. Sergey Tyukanov /Сергей Тюканов, 1955 | Surrealist painter
  154. Paulo Coelho /Catrin Welz-Stein ~ Quotes /Aforismi
  155. Patrick Gonzales, 1965 | Surrealist Digital painter
  156. Victor Colesnicenco, 1968 | Mixed media /Cityscape painter
  157. DU Kun 杜昆, 1982 ~ Revels of the Rock Gods | Surrealist painter
  158. Dimitra Milan, 2000 | Whimsical /Surrealist painter
  159. George Underwood, 1947 ~ Surrealist /Visionary painter | Part 2
  160. Arthur Schopenhauer / Antonio Nunziante | Quotes / Aforismi
  161. Salvatore Fiume | Figurative painter
  162. Michael Bilotta | Conceptual Surrealist Photographer
  163. Maggie Taylor, 1961 | Digital Surrealist /Visionary painter
  164. Pablo Neruda / Maggie Taylor ~ Poetry / La poesia
  165. Michiel Schrijver, 1957 | Surreal architecture painter
  166. Francis Picabia ~ Quotes / Aforismi
  167. George Redhawk | Surrealist Animated GIFs Art
  168. Leonora Carrington | Surrealist painter and sculptor | Sculpture
  169. Victor Brauner | Surrealist painter
  170. Chie Yoshii | Surrealist /Visionary painter
  171. John Poppleton | Bodyscapes ‎painter
  172. Alan King, 1952 | Massurrealism Art Movement
  173. Vilhelm Bjerke Petersen ~ Surrealist /Abstract painter
  174. Picasso: Painting is a blind man's profession..
  175. Picasso's Women
  176. Mother Teresa /Jeanie Tomanek ~ Love life /Ama la vita
  177. Cristina Troufa, 1974 | Surrealist/Symbolist painter
  178. Madre Teresa/ Brita Seifert ~ Tieni sempre presente /Always keep in mind
  179. Bahram Dabiri, 1950 | Cubist/Surrealist/Romantic painter
  180. Giuseppe Arcimboldo | Allegories of the Elements, 1576
  181. Giuseppe Arcimboldo | Allegories of the Seasons, 1573
  182. Giuseppe Arcimboldo | Drawing
  183. Jimmy Lawlor, 1967 | Surrealist painter
  184. Anaïs Nin: L'amore non muore mai di morte naturale..
  185. E. L. Doctorow: Scrivere è un'esplorazione. Parti dal nulla, ed impari mentre procedi..
  186. Jules Combarieau: La musica è l'arte di pensare attraverso i suoni
  187. Picasso: Il peggior nemico della creatività è il buon gusto
  188. Kari-Lise Alexander | Pop Surrealism painter
  189. Gabriel Sainz, 1967 | Surrealist painter
  190. Lubov Zubova, 1979 | Surrealist painter
  191. Moïse Kisling ~ Surrealist painter | School of Paris
  192. Gustave Moreau | Symbolist painter
  193. David Burliuk | The Father of Russian Futurism
  194. Angel Boligan, 1965 | Surreal cartoonist / illustrator
  195. Artur Muharremi, 1958 | Allegorical painter
  196. Artem Cheboha Rhads, 1987 | Surrealist Digital painter
  197. Frida Kahlo a Diego Rivera | La mia notte | Mi Noche, 1939
  198. Kolja Tatic, 1962 ~ Surrealist Digital painter
  199. Julio Larraz, 1944 ~ Surrealist/Figurative painter
  200. Alberto Giacometti ~ Surrealist/Existentialist/Figure sculptor
  201. Andrea Kowch, 1986 ~ Symbolist painter
  202. Surrealist Artists ~ Sitemap
  203. Jeanie Tomanek, 1949 ~ Allegorical/Narrative painter
  204. Peter Gric, 1968 ~ Magic Realism painter
  205. Surreal world by Amandine Van Ray
  206. René Magritte ~ Gli Aforismi
  207. Timothy Martin | Surrealist painter
  208. Paul Éluard ~ Je t'aime / I love you / Ti amo
  209. Pierre Marcel, 1954 ~ Surrealist painter
  210. Oleg Oprisco, 1987 ~ Surrealist photographer
  211. Anna and Elena Balbusso ~ Italian Surrealist illustrator
  212. Gino De Dominicis
  213. Jacques Prévert ~ Paris at night
  214. Rene Schute, 1969 ~ Surrealist painter
  215. Jeremiah Stermer, 1946 ~ Surrealist photographer
  216. Paul Klee ~ L'arte è quello che c'è fra il colore e la tela
  217. Loren D. Adams ~ Visionary / Surrealist painter
  218. John Burden, 1943
  219. Yannick Bouchard, 1982 | Surrealist / Symbolist painter
  220. Ronit Baranga, 1973 | Surrealist sculptor
  221. Leonard Cohen | Winter Lady /Signora Inverno
  222. Marc Chagall ~ Aforismi
  223. Mariola Bogacki, 1965 | Surralist painter
  224. Sonia Drabkin, 1961 ~ Romantic Fantasy painter
  225. Mihai Criste, 1975 ~ The Kiss of Autumn
  226. Dario Campanile, 1948 | Abstract painter
  227. Paulo Coelho / Thor Lindeneg | Il gioco degli Dei...
  228. Anna Ewa Miarczynska, 1961 | Surrealist painter
  229. Victor Hugo & Picasso ~ Non guardare il volto..
  230. Leonid Tishkov, 1953 ~ Private Moon
  231. Zoltan Molnos ~ The Transylvanian Dalí
  232. Michail Lermontov / René Magritte | I Go Out On The Road Alone / Sulla strada esco solo.
  233. Juan Carlos Verdial, 1957 | Surrealist painter
  234. Jaroslaw Jasnikowski, 1976 | Surrealist painter
  235. Dino Buzzati | Symbolist /Surrealist painter
  236. Valentin Rekunenko, 1955 | Fantasy painter
  237. Rodolfo Ledel, 1939
  238. Giorgio De Chirico | Arte e pensiero
  239. Eduardo Úrculo ~ Pop Art painter
  240. Jacques Guignard, 1946 | French Surrealist painter
  241. Elena Shlegel /Елена Шлегель, 1965 | Romantic painter
  242. Evandro Schiavone, 1984 | Surrealist painter
  243. Frode Nyboe, 1980 | Surrealist /Minimalist painter
  244. Santos Hu, 1955 | Surrealist painter
  245. Vincenzo Cardarelli / Jimmy Lawlor | I gabbiani /Seagulls
  246. Pablo Picasso ~ The Bather series
  247. Vakhtang Kakulia, 1974
  248. Gennady Privedentsev, 1955 ~ Surrealist painter
  249. Tytus Brzozowski | Surrealist painter
  250. Michael Alfano | Figurative and surrealistic sculptures
  251. Noell Oszvald, 1991 ~ Surrealist photographer
  252. Toni Demuro, 1974 ~ Surreal memory of the Trees
  253. Minjae Lee, 1989 | Pop Surrealism painter
  254. Jim Tsinganos | Surrealist | Conceptual painter / Illustrator
  255. Will Cotton, 1965 | Hyperrealist / Pop Surrealist painter
  256. Laurie Kaplowitz | Figurative Expressive painter
  257. Christian Schloe | Digital Surrealist / Visionary painter
  258. Christian Schloe ~ Pop Surrealism Visions
  259. Catrin Welz-Stein ~ Surrealist Digital painter
  260. Koh Sang Woo, 1978 | Color Negatives photography
  261. Ora Tamir ~ Fly with me
  262. Ionut Caras, 1978 ~ Surrealist photographer
  263. Gurbuz Dogan Eksioglu, 1954 ~ Surrealist painter
  264. Georgi Matevosjan, 1948 | Surrealist painter
  265. Beatriz Martin Vidal, 1973 | Surrealist illustrator
  266. Raffaello Ossola, 1954 | Surrealist painter
  267. Lisete Alcalde, 1981 | Visionary painter
  268. Jean-Paul Avisse, 1948 | Surrealist painter
  269. Agostino Arrivabene, 1967 ~ Visionary Surrealist painter
  270. Michael Page, 1979 ~ Pop Surrealism painter
  271. Yosuke Ueno, 1977 ~ Pop Surrealist painter
  272. Jacek Yerka, 1952 ~ Sogno Surrealista
  273. Evita Medina | Surrealist painter
  274. Alexei Antonov, 1957 | Surrealist /Portrait / Still life painter
  275. Odilon Redon 1840-1916 ~ Still Life
  276. Roman Urbinskiy /Роман Урбинский, 1977
  277. Pablo Picasso ~ Watercolors
  278. Jonathan Wolstenholme, 1950 ~ The Surreal books
  279. Jacques Prévert & Jean Hildebrant | Bussano...
  280. Marc Chagall & Jean de La Fontaine ~ Favole a Colori
  281. Agnès Boulloche ~ Fantastic Surrealist painter
  282. Emilia Castañeda, 1943 | The Secret Gardens
  283. Dasil | Surrealist painter
  284. Adam Martinakis, 1972 | Surrealist Digital painter
  285. Emily Dickinson ~ Se tu dovessi venire in autunno /If you were coming in the Fall
  286. Talon Abraxas, 1980 ~ Surrealist/Symbolist painter
  287. Talon Abraxas, 1980 ~ Surrealist painter
  288. I Violini di Chagall
  289. Gabriel Pacheco, 1973 ~ Surrealist Visionary painter
  290. Pablo Picasso: "Non giudicare sbagliato ciò che non conosci.."
  291. Slava Fokk, 1976 | Surrealist / Art Déco style painter
  292. Renso Castaneda, 1970 | Surrealist painter
  293. Juan Medina, 1950 | Hyperrealist / Surrealist painter
  294. Joey Havlock, 1967 ~ Abstract Surrealist painter
  295. Vladimir Kush, 1965 ~ The Surreal landscapes
  296. Vladimir Kush, 1965 | The Metaphorical Realism
  297. Victor Bregeda, 1963 | Surrealist Plein air painter
  298. José Parra, 1975 | Surrealist painter
  299. Tran Nguyen, 1987 ~ Surrealist painter
  300. Julio Cesar Rodriguez, 1976 ~ Surrealist painter
  301. Barry Gross, 1948 | Portrait / Surrealist painter
  302. Igor Maykov, 1966 | Surrealist painter
  303. Vladimir Kush, 1965 ~ The Surrealist sculptures
  304. David Gilliver, 1979 ~ Psychadelic Light painter
  305. Boris Indrikov /Борис Индриков, 1967 | Unicorn Dream
  306. Andres Barrioquinto, 1975 ~ Surrealist painter
  307. Eric Montoya, 1968 ~ Surrealist painter
  308. Jane Whiting Chrzanoska, 1948 | Surrealist painter
  309. Igor Morski, 1960 ~ Surrealist painter
  310. Tina Blondell, 1953 | Visionary / Figurative painter
  311. Gala, la passione surreale di Salvador Dali
  312. Madeline Von Foerster, 1973 ~ Fantastic Surrealist painter
  313. Ettore Aldo Del Vigo, 1952 ~ Surrealist painter
  314. Laimonas Šmergelis, 1972 ~ Surrealist painter
  315. Dmitry Brodetsky, 1976 ~ Surrealist painter
  316. Ilene Meyer | Fantastic Surrealist painter
  317. Martín La Spina, 1973 ~ Surrealist painter
  318. Giorgio De Chirico | The Metaphysical Art Movement
  319. Valeriy Kot, 1958 ~ Surrealist painter
  320. Leonor Fini | Surrealist painter
  321. Salvador Dali | Quotes / Aforismi
  322. Arunas Zilys, 1953 ~ Mythic Surrealist painter
  323. Jeanette Guichard-Bunel, 1957 | Pop Art painter
  324. Claudio Souza Pinto, 1954 ~ Romantic Surrealist painter
  325. George Underwood, 1947 ~ Surrealist /Visionary painter
  326. Pablo Picasso: Datemi un museo e ve lo riempirò!
  327. Jared Joslin, 1970 | Figurative / Surrealist painter
  328. Duy Huynh, 1975 ~ Symbolist Surrealist painter
  329. Patricia Van Lubeck, 1965 ~ Surrealist painter
  330. Friedrich Nietzsche / Michael Bilotta ~ Quotes /Gli aforismi
  331. Berit Kruger-Johnsen | Surrealist / Symbolist painter
  332. Oscar Wilde / Alberto Pancorbo
  333. Carsten Witte, 1964 | Fashion photographer
  334. Josephine Wall, 1947 | Fantasy painter
  335. Thomas Dodd ~ Visionary photographer
  336. Gesine Marwedel 1987 ~ Body Painting
  337. Oleg Shuplyak, 1967 ~ Surreal Optical Illusion painter
  338. Ben Heine 1983 ~ Digital Surrealist painter
  339. John Pitre, 1942 ~ Fantasy/Surrealist painter
  340. Ben Goossens 1945 ~ Surrealist photographer | Part. 2
  341. Timur Tsaku 1971 ~ Surreal Hyperrealist painter
  342. Ricardo Fernandez Ortega 1971 ~ Surrealist painter
  343. Antoine Jossé 1970 ~ Surrealist sculptor and painter
  344. Yuri Laptev 1962 ~ Surrealist painter
  345. Patrick Le Hec'h | Surrealist photographer
  346. Max Ernst ~ Dada Surrealist painter
  347. Man Ray | Dadaist /Surrealist Photographer /Painter
  348. Marcel Duchamp | Dadaist / Surrealist Conceptual painter
  349. Pablo Picasso ~ The Portraits
  350. Edward Pustovoitov /Эдуард Пустовойтов, 1964 | Fantasy | Surrealist painter
  351. Jorge Ignacio Nazabal, 1962 | Surrealist painter
  352. Alex Levin 1975 ~ Surrealist painter
  353. Paul Klee ~ Expressionist painter
  354. Kate Lightfoot - Pop Surrealism painter
  355. Francis Bacon ~ Expressionist painter
  356. Arshile Gorky | Abstract Expressionist painter
  357. Mariusz Lewandowski
  358. Dino Valls, 1959 | Surrealist painter
  359. Ben Goossens, 1945 ~ Surrealist photographer
  360. Georges Mazilu, 1951 | Surrealist painter
  361. Leonora Carrington | Surrealist painter and sculptor | Painting
  362. Tomohiro Nakagawa 中川 知洋, 1974 | Surrealist /Visionary painter
  363. Balthus | Modern painter
  364. Ronald Companoca, 1981 ~ Surrealist painter
  365. Gennady Privedentsev/ Геннадий Приведенцев ~ Surrealist painter
  366. Victor Hagea 1948 ~ Surrealist painter
  367. Fabrice Backes, 1968 | Surrealist painter / iIlustrator
  368. Paul David Bond, 1964 ~ Surrealist painter
  369. Catrin Arno ~ Surrealist painter
  370. Jeff Faust, 1952 | Surrealist painter
  371. Hiroko Sakai | Surrealist painter
  372. Mahira Ates, 1960 | Surrealist painter
  373. Tomek Sętowski, 1961 | Magical Realism painter
  374. Samy Charnine, 1967 | Surrealist painter
  375. Jean-Claude Desplanques, 1936
  376. Olga Naletova 1966 ~ Surrealist painter
  377. Eduardo Naranjo, 1944 | Neorealist /Surrealist painter
  378. Thierry Garnier-Lafond, 1960 | Surrealist / Symbolist painter
  379. Oksana Yambykh, 1966 | Surrealist painter
  380. Ling Jian / 凌健, 1963 | Pop Surrealism painter
  381. Katherine Blackwell | Surrealist painter
  382. Andrius Kovelinas,1958 | Surrealist painter | VideoArt
  383. Ivan Marchuk, 1936 | Surrealist painter
  384. Giovanni Auriemma, 1976
  385. Jeff Roland, 1969 | Surrealist / Abstract painter
  386. Ivan Slavinsky ~ Surrealist and impressionist painter
  387. Ophelia Redpath, 1965 | Surrealist painter
  388. Remedios Varo | Surrealist painter
  389. Alexander Sigov, 1955 ~ Surrealist painter
  390. Ciro Palumbo, 1965 | Surrealist / Symbolist painter
  391. Igor Kozlovsky and Marina Sharapova
  392. Giuseppe Arcimboldo ~ Mannerist painter
  393. Jose De la Barra, 1956 ~ Surrealist/Symbolist painter
  394. Siegfried Zademack, 1952 | Surrealist / Visionary painter
  395. Marc Chagall ~ Paris through my window
  396. Frida Kahlo | Surrealist painter
  397. Odilon Redon | Symbolist / Colorist painter
  398. Marc Chagall ~ Le vetrate
  399. Pablo Picasso / Alda Merini ~ Alla tua salute, amore mio
  400. John Jude Palencar, 1957 | Fantasy painter
  401. Catherine Alexandre ~ Surrealist painter
  402. Evgeni Gordiets / Евгений Гордиец, 1952 | Surrealist painter
  403. Natalia Vetrova
  404. Katarina Ali, 1973 ~ Surrealist and Fantasy painter
  405. Naoto Hattori ~ Surrealist painter
  406. Eduard Zentshik, 1975 ~ Surrealist painter
  407. Tetsuya Ishida 1973-2005 ~ Surrealist painter
  408. Stanislav Plutenko, 1961 | Surrealist painter
  409. Jacek Yerka, 1952 ~ Surrealist painter
  410. Gabriela Garza Padilla ~ Neo-Surrealist painter
  411. Svetlana Bobrova ~ Surrealist painter
  412. Peter Gric ~ Fantastic/surrealist painter
  413. Leszek Sokol
  414. Pablo Picasso ~ Gli aforismi
  415. Joan Miró ~ Surrealist painter
  416. Ludmila, 1958 ~ Surrealist painter
  417. Vladimir Kush, 1965
  418. Andrey Remnev / Андрей Ремнев, 1962 | Magic Realism painter
  419. Wolfgang Lettl ~ Surrealist painter
  420. Ric Nagualero | Symbolist painter
  421. David Michael Bowers, 1956 | Symbolists /Surrealists painter
  422. Marina Podgaevskaya / Марина Подгаевская, 1963 | Abstract Figurative painter | VideoArt
  423. Pablo Picasso: I computer sono inutili. Ti sanno dare solo risposte..
  424. Salvador Dali ~ Zodiac sign
  425. Philippe Augé, 1935 | Surrealist painter
  426. Salvador Dalì ~ Toreador allucinogeno
  427. Salvador Dali | Self-portraits
  428. Kahlil Gibran / Pablo Picasso ~ Ti amo terribilmente..
  429. Boris Indrikov /Борис Индриков, 1967 | Magical Realism painter
  430. Oscar Wilde / Bruno Di Maio
  431. Jeffrey Batchelor, 1960 ~ Surrealist painter
  432. Russell Mills, 1971 ~ Abstract mixed media painter
  433. Marc Chagall | Expressionist /Cubist painter
  434. Eric Fortune ~ Surrealist painter
  435. Boris Dubrov, 1979
  436. Jacques Prévert ~ Prima colazione...
  437. Jacques Prévert ~ Alicante ...

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http://www.tuttartpitturasculturapoesiamusica.com/2012/08/imaginarium-igor-morski-1960-polish.html
Jef van Tuerenhout
Jef van Tuerenhout
http://www.tuttartpitturasculturapoesiamusica.com/2012/12/Jonathan-Wolstenholme.html
Jonathan Wolstenholme🎨, 1950 - British Surrealist painter

Il surrealismo fu un movimento artistico d'avanguardia del Novecento nato come evoluzione del dadaismo e che coinvolse tutte le arti, toccando anche letteratura e cinema, nato negli anni 20 a Parigi dove, nel 1925, era stata allestita la prima mostra del movimento.
Il Surrealismo è un movimento letterario e artistico che vuole esprimere una realtà superiore, fatta di irrazionale e di sogno e che vuole rivelare gli aspetti più profondi della mente.
Il Surrealismo ebbe come principale teorico il poeta André Breton, che canalizzò la vitalità distruttiva del dadaismo.
Breton fu influenzato dalla lettura de L'interpretazione dei sogni di Freud del 1900; dopo averlo letto arrivò alla conclusione che fosse inaccettabile il fatto che il sogno e l'inconscio avessero avuto così poco spazio nella civiltà moderna, e pensò quindi di fondare un nuovo movimento artistico e letterario in cui essi avessero un ruolo fondamentale. Nacque così il surrealismo, che aveva avuto tra i suoi precursori recenti il poeta e scrittore Guillaume Apollinaire, morto nel 1918.
  • Descrizione
«Automatismo psichico puro, attraverso il quale ci si propone di esprimere, con le parole o la scrittura o in altro modo, il reale funzionamento del pensiero. Comando del pensiero, in assenza di qualsiasi controllo esercitato dalla ragione, al di fuori di ogni preoccupazione estetica e morale.»
Il surrealismo è quindi un automatismo psichico, ovvero quel processo in cui l'inconscio, quella parte di noi che emerge durante i sogni, emerge anche quando siamo svegli e ci permette di associare libere parole, pensieri e immagini senza freni inibitori e scopi preordinati.
I surrealisti si avvalevano di diverse tecniche per far in modo di attivare il loro inconscio, una di queste è il cadavre exquis (cadavere squisito), tecnica basata sulla casualità e sulla coralità, che prevede la collaborazione di più artisti: uno di essi comincia l'operazione tracciando un disegno, una figura, che deve essere ignorata dagli altri, poi il foglio deve essere passato a tutti i partecipanti, uno per uno, i quali a loro volta faranno una figura, e così via.

Questa tecnica era utilizzata dai surrealisti anche in ambito poetico, ovvero aggiungendo uno per uno una parola, ignorando lo scopo finale dei singoli. Il nome della tecnica deriva infatti da una poesia surrealista: "Il cadavere squisito berrà il vino nuovo".

Altre tecniche frequentemente utilizzate dai pittori di questo movimento sono:
  • il frottage (strofinamento)
  • il grattage (grattamento, raschiamento)
  • il collage
  • l'assemblage
  • il dripping (Max Ernst è il primo ad utilizzare questa tecnica, resa famosa dopo la seconda guerra mondiale da Jackson Pollock).
Il surrealismo ha tre tematiche principali:
  • "amore": inteso come fulcro della vita.
  • "sogno e follia": considerati i mezzi per superare la razionalità (molti surrealisti ammiravano Freud e Jung).
  • "liberazione": dell'individuo dalle convenzioni sociali.
La caratteristica comune a tutte le manifestazioni surrealiste è la critica radicale alla razionalità cosciente, e la liberazione delle potenzialità immaginative dell'inconscio per il raggiungimento di uno stato conoscitivo "oltre" la realtà ("sur-realtà") in cui veglia e sogno sono entrambe presenti e si conciliano in modo armonico e profondo.
Il Surrealismo è certamente la più "onirica" delle manifestazioni artistiche, proprio perché dà accesso a ciò che sta oltre il visibile. Inoltre esso comprende immagini nitide e reali ma accostandole tra di loro senza alcun nesso logico.

Il pensiero surrealista si manifestò spesso come ribellione alle convenzioni culturali e sociali, concepita come una trasformazione totale della vita, attraverso la libertà di costumi, la poesia e l'amore.
Suoi referenti sono Marx e Freud:
"Trasformare il mondo, ha detto Marx, cambiare la vita, ha detto Rimbaud. Queste due parole d'ordine sono per noi una sola" (André Breton).
Spesso, molti esponenti del surrealismo sposarono la causa del comunismo e dell'anarchismo (con l'eccezionedi Dalì che mai si allineò ad una corrente politica), per contribuire attivamente al cambiamento politico e sociale che avrebbe poi portato ad una partecipazione più generale alla "surrealtà".
Altri precursori esaltati dai surrealisti furono il marchese de Sade e Restif de la Bretonne.
La critica si divide su dove collocare il punto finale del movimento surrealista: sicuramente, la fine della Seconda guerra mondiale (1945), e la morte di Breton (1966) hanno segnato dei punti di svolta importanti nella storia del surrealismo, che però annovera esponenti anche nella seconda metà del Novecento -come i pittori Fabrizio Clerici, William Girometti, Licurgo Sommariva e scultori come Fabio De Sanctis- e continua ancora oggi ad essere una realtà artistica vitale.
Il movimento surrealista è di gran lunga il più longevo fra le avanguardie storiche, e la sua diffusione capillare in tutto il mondo ha reso la sua storia molto variegata rispetto a movimenti circoscritti nel tempo e nello spazio come il dadaismo o il futurismo.
L'attività del primo gruppo surrealista parigino, gravitante intorno ad André Breton, vide la partecipazione di un grande numero di scrittori e artisti di diverso orientamento, spesso in conflitto tra loro e con la guida spirituale del movimento.
Tra gli artisti di arti visive più riconosciuti spaziamo tra Joan Miró nel suo allucinato mondo parallelo popolato di forme geometriche colorate sospese che ricerca l'interiorità delle cose con crescente astrazione.
Con Max Ernst l'illogica scava nel profondo dell'animo umano; René Magritte che gioca molto sull'estraniamento dalla realtà e le sue opere sono sollecitazioni visive che ci portano a riflettere.
E, naturalmente, c'è Salvador Dalí ("il surrealismo sono io"), con la sua fantastica o fantasmatica proiezione del "sogno" e del pensiero subcosciente o pre-cosciente in una visionaria pseudo-realtà.
Nell'arte dell'incisione vale la pena ricordare l'opera dell'italiano Alberto Martini e dell'estone Eduard Wiiralt. | © Wikipedia

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Mihai Criste
http://www.tuttartpitturasculturapoesiamusica.com/2011/07/mihai-criste-romania.html
Mihai Criste
http://www.tuttartpitturasculturapoesiamusica.com/2012/10/Vladimir-Kush.html


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