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Norbert Goeneutte | Impressionist painter

From: The National Gallery
Born in Paris, Norbert Gœneutte (1854-1894) enrolled at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in 1872, studying first under Isidore Pils, who died in 1875, and then under his replacement, Henri Lehmann.
In the mid-1870s he met Marcellin Desboutin, who taught him etching.
He was associated with the Impressionists, especially Renoir, and in the 1880s painted Parisian scenes, from famous landmarks to boulevard subjects.
He also worked in Brittany, Normandy and Bordeaux.
In his later years he settled in Auvers-sur-Oise. | © The National Gallery

From: British Wikipedia
Norbert Goeneutte (23 July 1854 - 9 October 1894) was a French painter, etcher and illustrator; notably for the novel La Terre by Émile Zola.
He was born in Paris into a family that had moved there from Saint-Omer 1850.

He attended classes at the Lycée Condorcet. Following a long interruption by the Franco-Prussian War and the Commune, when he lived away from Paris, he graduated in 1871 and his father found him a place in an attorney's office.
His father died shortly thereafter and Norbert persuaded his mother that he was not suited for that sort of work.

She agreed, so he entered the École des Beaux-arts and began studies with Isidore Pils. When Pils died in 1875, he was replaced by Henri Lehmann, who was not liked by his students.
They wrote to Édouard Manet, asking him to take Lehmann's place, but he declined.
Some students remained, but Goeneutte left to set up his own studio.

He frequented the Père Lathuille, a famous cabaret, where he met Manet and was introduced to the artistic circle at the Café de la Nouvelle Athènes.
He soon began exhibiting at the Salon but, despite his friendship with many notable Impressionists, never participated in one of their group exhibitions.
With the financial support of his brother, he frequently travelled abroad, including trips to London (1880) and Venice (1890).
He also travelled extensively in France.

These visits produced a multitude of landscapes and cityscapes.
In 1889, he became one of the founders of the "Société des peintres-graveurs français", together with his friends Henri Guérard and Félix Bracquemond.
That same year, he exhibited at the Exposition Universelle.

Two years later, he found himself at odds with the Société when it refused admission to Camille Pissarro, who was not born in France.
In 1891, doctor Paul Gachet, an avid supporter of the arts and an amateur artist, diagnosed Goeneutte as having a weak heart and recommended that he settle in a rural area for his health.

Gachet was able to find him a house near his own in Auvers-sur-Oise, called the "Villa Musette", where Goeneutte settled with his mother, his sister Reine and his brother Charles.
Once there, he became involved with a group of artists associated with Charles-François Daubigny and did engraved illustrations together with Gachet.

Three years later, he died of complications from what had turned out to be a lung disease (possibly tuberculosis).
He is buried there, near the grave of Vincent van Gogh, who had also been treated by Gachet during his final illness. | Source: © Wikipedia

Nato a Parigi, Norbert Gœneutte (1854-1894) si iscrisse all'Ecole des Beaux-Arts nel 1872, studiando prima con Isidoro Pils, che morì nel 1875, e poi con il suo sostituto, Henri Lehmann.
Alla metà del 1870 incontrò Marcellin Desboutin, che gli insegnò l'incisione.
Fu associato agli impressionisti, in particolare a Renoir, e negli anni ottanta del XIX secolo dipinse scene parigine, da monumenti famosi a soggetti di boulevard.
Ha anche lavorato in Bretagna, Normandia e Bordeaux.
Nei suoi ultimi anni si stabilì ad Auvers-sur-Oise.