Gaetano Previati ~ Symbolist painter

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Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter
Previati [1852-1920], celebre pittore del '900 italiano, nasce a Ferrara. I suoi studi artistici si svolgono a Ferrara, ma presto egli si trasferisce a Milano, dove frequenta l’Accademia di Brera. E’ nel capoluogo lombardo che Previati inizia la sua attività artistica, spiccando subito per modernità e innovazione. Il pittore ferrarese è universalmente considerato come l’iniziatore delle istanze divisioniste in Italia.
Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter
Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter
La Danza delle Ore - Dance of the Hours, 1899
Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter
L’Ottocento, che in Europa è caratterizzato dalla nascita della nuova pittura impressionista, e poi post impressionista, in Italia si chiude ancora in un clima culturale legato alla pittura regionalista. Gaetano Previati è tra i pochi autori che superano la tradizione della pittura di storia ottocentesca aprendo il secolo nuovo alle modernità del Divisionismo e del Simbolismo. Previati, oltre ad essere un affermato pittore, scrive trattati d’arte nei quali disserta sulla nuova visione della pittura. E’ tutta la nuova generazione di artisti ad avere bisogno di sancire con studi e scritti le caratteristiche della nuova arte.
Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter
Maternità, 1890-91
Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter
L'ultimo bacio di Romeo e Giulietta
Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter
Maternità 1890
Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter
Paolo e Francesca
Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter
Paolo e Francesca
Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter
Adorazione dei magi 1898
Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter
Madonna dei Gigli
Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter Madonna dei Gigli
Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter
Il giorno sveglia la notte
Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter
Il giorno sveglia la notte
Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter

Allievo a Firenze (1876-77) di A. Cassioli e a Milano (1877-80) di G. Bertini, si affermò con Gli ostaggi di Crema (1879, Firenze, Galleria d'arte moderna), in cui gli scuri impasti cromatici e i contrastati effetti luministici rivelano l'adesione all'inquieto romanticismo di F. Faruffini. Dopo un periodo di ricerca in cui i temi storici, patriottici e melodrammatici (Paolo e Francesca, 1887, Bergamo, Accademia di Carrara) risentono dei modi di T. Cremona, D. Morelli e F. P. Michetti, si accostò al divisionismo. Sensibile all'influenza di V. Grubicy e delle contemporanee correnti simboliste europee, P. tese alla trasfigurazione simbolica degli elementi visivi, elaborando uno stile personale dalle chiare gamme cromatiche e dalle lunghe, filiformi pennellate (Maternità, 1891, Novara, Banca Popolare; Marie ai piedi della Croce, varie versioni, 1890-1900; Re Sole, 1890-93, Milano, Galleria d'arte moderna, e 1901, Bruxelles, Musées royaux des beaux-arts; la serie di studî per la Via Crucis, 1901-02; La caduta degli Angeli, trittico, 1912, Roma, Galleria nazionale d'arte moderna). Di particolare interesse la serie di illustrazioni per i Promessi Sposi di A. Manzoni (1891-96; edite solo nel 1900). Scrisse anche alcune opere teoriche -Tecnica della pittura, 1905; Principi scientifici del divisionismo, 1906; Della pittura. Tecnica e arte, 1913.

Gaetano Previati 1852-1920 | Italian Symbolist painter
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