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Paul Cadmus (1904-1999) | Magic Realist painter



Paul Cadmus, (born Dec. 17, 1904, New York, N.Y., U.S.—died Dec. 12, 1999, Weston, Conn.), American artist who created paintings, drawings and prints in a figurative, near-illustrational style during a career that spanned some 70 years.
Cadmus decided upon a career in art when he was still a young boy and enrolled in art classes at New York City’s National Academy of Design (now the National Academy Museum and School of Fine Arts) when he was 15. He studied there until 1926 and at the Art Students League for the following two years and then went to work at an advertising agency.
Between 1931-1933 he lived with artist Jared French. The two traveled to the island of Majorca, Spain, and there Cadmus created the well-known paintings Shore Leave and YMCA Locker Room (both 1933).


Upon his return to the United States, Cadmus gained employment with the Public Works of Art Project. It was for that program that he painted The Fleet’s In! (1934), a work of social satire that depicts sailors on shore leave and contains elements of prostitution, homoeroticism, and drunkenness.
The work infuriated navy officials, and it was pulled from an exhibition at the Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., in 1934 and was not displayed publicly again until 1981.
Controversy surrounded a number of Cadmus’s other paintings—such as Coney Island (1934), displayed at New York City’s Whitney Museum of American Art in 1935 and interpreted by Brooklyn, N.Y., realtors as an insult to their neighbourhood—and Cadmus’s contract for a post office mural project was cancelled because of the sardonicism of the scenes he sketched in 1936.
The resulting nationwide publicity fascinated the public, and in 1937 more than 7,000 people attended his first one-man show at Midtown Galleries in New York City.
Although the post-World War II art world paid Cadmus little attention, he continued working steadily.
His work was represented in most American art museums, and he was included in several prestigious group shows over the years.
Among his other notable works were Sailors and Floosies (1938), The Seven Deadly Sins series (1945–49), and the Subway Symphony series (1975–76).

In 1980 Cadmus was made an academician of the National Academy of Design. | © Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus, (nato il 17 dicembre 1904, New York, NY, USA - morto il 12 dicembre 1999, Weston, Connecticut), artista Americano che ha creato dipinti, disegni e stampe in uno stile figurativo, quasi illustrativo durante una carriera durata circa 70 anni.
Cadmus decise di intraprendere una carriera artistica quando era ancora un ragazzino e all'età di 15 anni si iscrisse ai corsi d'arte della National Academy of Design di New York City (ora National Academy Museum and School of Fine Arts).
Ha studiato lì fino al 1926 e presso l'Art Students League per i due anni successivi e poi è andato a lavorare in un'agenzia di pubblicità.
Tra il 1931-1933 visse con l'artista Jared French. I due si recarono nell'isola di Maiorca, in Spagna, e lì Cadmus creò i famosi dipinti Shore Leave e YMCA Locker Room (entrambi del 1933).

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Al suo ritorno negli Stati Uniti, Cadmus ottenne un impiego presso il Public Works of Art Project . Era per quel programma che dipingevaLa flotta è arrivata! (1934), un'opera di satira sociale che raffigura i marinai in congedo a terra e contiene elementi di prostituzione, omoerotismo ed ubriachezza.
L'opera fece infuriare i funzionari della marina, e fu ritirata da una mostra alla Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, nel 1934 e non fu più esposta pubblicamente fino al 1981.
La controversia circondò un certo numero di altri dipinti di Cadmus, comeConey Island (1934), esposto al Whitney Museum of American Art di New York City nel 1935 e interpretato da Brooklyn, NY, agenti immobiliari come un insulto al loro quartiere, ed il contratto di Cadmus per un progetto murale di un ufficio postale è stato annullato a causa del sardonicismo del scene che ha abbozzato nel 1936.
La pubblicità a livello nazionale risultante affascinò il pubblico e nel 1937 più di 7.000 persone assistettero alla sua prima mostra personale alle Midtown Galleries di New York City.
Sebbene il mondo dell'arte del secondo dopoguerra abbia prestato poca attenzione a Cadmus, ha continuato a lavorare costantemente.
Il suo lavoro è stato rappresentato nella maggior parte dei musei d'arte americani, ed è stato incluso in diverse prestigiose mostre collettive nel corso degli anni. Tra le altre sue opere degne di nota c'erano Sailors and Floosies (1938), la serie The Seven Deadly Sins (1945-1949) e la serie Subway Symphony (1975-1976).
Nel 1980 Cadmus è stato nominato accademico della National Academy of Design.

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter

Paul Cadmus 1904–1999 | Magic Realist painter