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Marianne von Werefkin (1860-1938) | Expressionist painter



Marianne von Werefkin, Russian-German-Swiss painter, a member of ancient russian nobility, was born in the Russian town of Tula. She was well educated according to western standards and the young girl's artistic talents were recognised early and encouraged.
She had her first private academic drawing lessons at the age of fourteen.
She was introduced to Illarion Michailowitsch Prjanischnikow, a member of the "Peredwischniki", where she began her studies, by the Repin* family. When her family moved to St. Petersburg in 1886 Marianne von Werefkin took private lessons under Repin*.

Selfportrait, 1910
Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

While hunting in 1888 she accidentally shot her right hand which remained crippled after a lengthy period of recovery. By practising persistently she finally managed to use drawing and painting instruments with her right hand again. She soon reached a perfection in realist painting which gave her the reputation as "Russian Rembrandt".
In 1891 the painter met Alexej von Jawlensky, who deeply fascinated her and whom she accompanied to Munich five years later. She put aside her own work and initiated a Salon which soon became a centre of lively artistic exchange. She also founded the "Lukasbruderschaft" of which also Kandinsky was a member.

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

A private crisis with Jawlensky culminated at the birth of their son in 1902 and Marianne von Werefkin was so badly effected that she needed to recover during extensive travels in France. She began painting again in 1906.
She and Jawlensky spent several periods working with Kandinsky and Münter after their discovery of the picturesque town of Murnau in 1908.


They formed a new group: the "Neue Künstlervereinigung München". When Wassily Kandinsky and Franz Marc distanced themselves from this group and formed the "Blauer Reiter", Werefkin also began exhibiting together with this group in 1913.
She moved to Switzerland with Jawlensky in 1914. Another move in 1919 took the couple to Ascona where she joined the artist group "Großer Bär".
She and Jawlensky separated two years later. Marianne von Werefkin died in Ascona on 6 February 1938.

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter
Alexander Sakharoff [Александр Сахаров] 1886-1963, dancer, teacher, and choreographer

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Marianne von Werefkin (Tula, 10 settembre 1860 - Ascona, 6 febbraio 1938) è stata una pittrice espressionista Russo-Tedesca. Figlia del Comandante del Reggimento di Ekaterinburg, nel 1880 va a studiare presso la bottega del pittore Ilya Repin, uno dei principali pittori realisti della Russia del tempo.
Tuttavia la carriera della pittrice si interrompe nel 1888, quando si ferisce alla mano destra (con la quale dipingeva) in un incidente di caccia.
Nel 1892 Marianne von Werefkin conosce Alexej von Jawlensky, con il quale si trasferisce a Monaco di Baviera.
Assieme abitano a Schwabing, il quartiere degli artisti di Monaco di Baviera.
Il loro appartamento nella via Giselastrasse diventerà epicentro della Monaco creativa di quegli anni.
Il salotto artistico per eccellenza. Lì si incontrarono pittori, scrittori, rivoluzionari, dandy, musicisti e filosofi.
Da questo momento abbandona la pittura per circa dieci anni.
Nel 1907, la Werefkin dipinge le sue prime opere espressioniste, sotto l'influenza di Edvard Munch.

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter

Nel 1909, insieme a Jawlensky, aderisce alla Nuova Associazione degli Artisti di Monaco e, nel 1911, al nuovo gruppo Der Blaue Reiter fondato da Wassily Kandinsky, Franz Marc e Gabriele Münter.
Con lo scoppio della Prima guerra mondiale la pittrice si trasferisce ad Ascona, in Svizzera, dove nel 1924 fonda il gruppo "Großer Bär" (Orsa Maggiore).

Red City | Marianne von Werefkin 1860-1938 | Russian-born Swiss Expressionist painter



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