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Tony Robert-Fleury | Academic painter

Tony Robert-Fleury (1 September 1837 - 8 December 1911) was a French painter, known primarily for historical scenes. He was also a prominent art teacher, with many famous artists among his students.


He was born just outside Paris, and studied under his father Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury and under Paul Delaroche and Léon Cogniet at the École des Beaux-Arts (School of Fine Arts) in Paris.
His first painting at the Salon de Paris, in 1866, was a large historical canvas, titled Varsovie, Scene de l'Insurrection Polonaise, recalling the events of 8 April 1861 in Warsaw, when Russian troops quenched riots by force. In the following year, his "Old Women in the Place Navone, Rome" was purchased by the Musée du Luxembourg.

In 1870, he painted a canvas of Le Dernier Jour de Corinthe (Last Day of Corinth), which depicted the last day before the Roman legions looted and burned the ancient Greek city, according to Livy.
This painting was also purchased by the Musée du Luxembourg, and is now on display at the Musée d'Orsay.
In 1880, he painted a ceiling for the Luxembourg Palace in Paris, representing "The Glorification of French Sculpture".

Robert-Fleury painted Pinel a la Salpêtrière (1876), which depicts the famed Father of Modern Psychiatry among the inmates of the asylum. Philippe Pinel had been named chief doctor at the asylum in 1795, and had instituted more charitable and rational treatments.

In 1875, Robert-Fleury painted Charlotte Corday at Caen, which shows the woman coming to the conclusion that Marat needed to be murdered.
In 1882 he painted Vauban donnant le plan des fortifications de Belfort where the celebrated engineer is represented in Louis XIV costume reviewing maps and designs, while in the background laborers are building.

Robert-Fleury taught as a professor for many years at the Académie Julian in Paris.
Robert-Fleury became president of the Société des artistes français in succession to Bouguereau.
He was honoured with Commander of the Legion of Honour in 1907.
In 1908 he was elected president of the Taylor Foundation, a position he held until the end of his life.
He acquired a great reputation and is renowned for his historical compositions, portraits and genre scenes; at his atelier he taught several well-known painters of the late 19th and early 20th centuries from various countries, including Lovis Corinth, Édouard Vuillard, Louise-Cécile Descamps-Sabouret and Sir George Clausen | © Wikipedia.

Tony Robert-Fleury | Alix apparaissant au masque Maison de Victor-Hugo

Tony Robert-Fleury | Il massacro di Varsavia dell'8 aprile, 1861

Tony Robert-Fleury | Amy Robsart au pied de la reine Maison de Victor Hugo

Tony Robert-Fleury è stato un pittore Francese, noto principalmente per scene storiche. Fu anche un importante insegnante d'arte, con molti artisti famosi tra i suoi studenti.

Nato appena fuori Parigi, studiò pittura con suo padre Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury e poi sotto la guida di Hippolyte Delaroche e Léon Cogniet.
Al Salon del 1866 espose la sua prima opera: Il massacro di Varsavia dell'8 aprile 1861.
L'anno seguente i suoi dipinti Vecchie signore a Piazza Navona e L'ultimo giorno di Corinto furono acquistati dal Luxembourg Museum. Sempre per il Luxembourg Museum dipinse un soffitto rappresentante La glorificazione della scultura francese.

Tony Robert-Fleury divenne in seguito presidente della Société des artistes français, succedendo a William-Adolphe Bouguereau, a fianco del quale insegnò all'Académie Julian, dove ambedue erano professori titolari.
Le sue composizioni e i suoi ritratti storici gli procurarono una notevole fama.

Nel suo atelier, infatti, si formò un gran numero di pittori del XX secolo quali: Marie Bashkirtseff, Jean Alfred Marioton, Eugène Lomont, Paul Chocarne-Moreau, Clément Brun, Jean de Francqueville, Henri Valensi, Amélie Lundahl, Charles Amable Lenoir, Émile Jourdan, Lilla Cabot Perry, Sara Page, Anna Klumpke, Maria Gażycz, Cecilia Beaux, Edgard Bouillette, Franklin Brownell, Eanger Irving Couse, Louis Paul Dessar, Eurilda France, Ellen Day Hale, Alexander Jacques Chantron, Minerva Josephine Chapman, Louis Aston Knight, Mary MacMonnies, John Saint-Helier Lander, Louis Marc (pittore), Phoebe Natt, Michel Korochanski, Lawton S. Parker, Julius Rolshoven, Edward Redfield, Jules-Cyrille Cavé e Guillaume Seignac.

Nel 1908 Robert-Fleury fu eletto presidente della Fondazione Taylor, carica che ricoprì per tutta la vita.
Morì a 74 anni nella cittadina di Viroflay, non lontano da Parigi.
Raggiunse la fama sia per le composizioni storiche che per i suoi ritratti e le scene di genere. | © Wikipedia

Tony Robert-Fleury | Pinel a la Salpêtrière, 1876