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Edouard Vuillard ~ Les Nabis Group



Édouard Vuillard, in full Jean-Édouard Vuillard (born Nov. 11, 1868, Cuiseaux, France-died June 21, 1940, La Baule), French painter, printmaker, and decorator who was a member of the Nabis group of painters in the 1890s. He is particularly known for his depictions of intimate interior scenes.
Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter


Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter
Vuillard studied art from 1886-1888 at the Académie Julian and the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. In 1889 he joined a group of art students that included Maurice Denis, Pierre Bonnard, Paul Sérusier, Ker-Xavier Roussel, and Félix Vallotton. They called themselves the Nabis (Hebrew for “Prophets”), and they drew their inspiration from the Synthetist paintings of Paul Gauguin’s Pont-Aven period. Like Gauguin, the Nabis advocated a symbolic, rather than a naturalistic, approach to colour, and they usually applied their paint in ways that emphasized the flat surface of the canvas.
Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter
Their admiration of Japanese woodcuts, which were then in vogue in Europe, inspired them to use simplified shapes and strong contours.
Vuillard lived with his widowed mother, a seamstress, until her death, and many of his works deal with domestic and dressmaking scenes set in his mother’s bourgeois home. In the paintings and prints of his Nabi period, he often created flattened space by filling his compositions with the contrasting rich patterns of wallpaper and women’s dresses, as seen in paintings such as Woman Sweeping (c. 1892). Because of their focus on intimate interior scenes, both Vuillard and Bonnard were also called Intimists.
Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter
Vuillard’s Public Gardens (1894), a series of nine vertical decorative panels, is characteristic of his mature work as a Nabi. As was common among the artists in the group, who supported the idea of art as decoration, Vuillard was commissioned to create this series as panels to be installed in a private home. In these panels, Vuillard portrayed women and children in the public gardens of Paris. He avoided modeling; instead, he applied the paint in distinct areas of patterned colours-soft shades of green, blue, and brown-producing a two-dimensional, tapestry-like effect.
In addition to painting, Vuillard, like most of the other Nabis, was involved in book illustration, poster design, and designs for the theatre. In 1893 Vuillard helped found Aurélien Lugné-Poë’s Théâtre de l’Oeuvre, which produced Symbolist plays. Vuillard designed stage sets and illustrated programs.
Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter
In 1899 the Nabis exhibited together for the last time. That year Vuillard began to paint in a more naturalistic style. He also executed two series of masterful lithographs that reveal his great debt to Japanese woodcuts. Vuillard continued to receive numerous commissions to paint portraits and decorative works for private patrons as well as for public buildings. His public paintings included the decorations in the foyer of the Théâtre des Champs-Élysées (1913) and murals in the Palais de Chaillot (1937) and in the League of Nations in Geneva (1939).
Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter
Vuillard retained an Intimist sensibility for his entire career; even when painting portraits and landscapes, he instilled his compositions with a sense of quiet domesticity. In the early 20th century, when European art was influenced by the development of avant-garde styles such as Cubism and Futurism, many critics and artists viewed Vuillard as conservative. Paintings from his Nabi period received the most popular and critical approval, with critics often dismissing his later work. However, in the late 20th century, historians and critics began to devote more attention to Vuillard’s achievements as a decorative painter and designer. / © Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.
Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter


Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter

Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter
Jean-Édouard Vuillard [1868-1940] è stato un pittore Francese, appartenne al movimento Les Nabis, il gruppo di artisti parigini dell'avanguardia post-Impressionista, attivi negli anni '90 del XIX secolo.
Il minore di tre figli di un ex ufficiale delle truppe coloniali, Vuillard crebbe a Parigi dove la famiglia si era trasferita. Entrò al Lycée Condorcet dove conobbe il musicista Pierre Hermant, lo scrittore Pierre Véber, il pittore Maurice Denis e Lugné-Poe con i quali strinse rapporti d'amicizia. Nel 1885, lasciò il liceo per frequentare con il suo più caro amico Ker-Xavier Roussel lo studio del pittore Diogène Maillart (1840-1926) dove apprese i primi rudimenti della pittura. Vuillard iniziò a frequentare il Louvre e si decise ben presto a seguire la carriera artistica, rompendo così la tradizione familiare che lo destinava alla carriera militare.
Nel marzo del 1886, Vuillard entrò all'Académie Julian, avendo come professore Tony Robert-Fleury. Nel giugno del 1887, al terzo tentativo, fu ammesso all’École des Beaux-Arts. L'anno seguente, per sei settimane, Jean-Léon Gérôme sarà suo professore. Durante i suoi studi, Vuillard svilupperà una propensione per le nature morte e per gli interni domestici. Gli interessavano particolarmente gli artisti tedeschi del XVII secolo.
Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter
Nel 1889, Maurice Denis lo convinse ad unirsi ad un piccolo gruppo dissidente dell’Académie Julian, che realizzava delle opere improntate al simbolismo e alla spiritualità e che si era auto-proclamato "confraternita dei Nabis". Aderirono al gruppo i pittori Félix Vallotton, Pierre BonnardPaul Sérusier, Henri-Gabriel Ibels, Paul Ranson, Aristide Maillol, Jan Verkade, il poeta Cazalis e il musicista Pierre Hermant. Sérusier sviluppò nel gruppo Nabi un amore per il metodo sintetista che verteva sulla memoria e l’immaginazione più che sull’osservazione diretta. Vuillard fu all’inizio reticente all’idea che il pittore non dovesse cercare di riprodurre realisticamente quello che vedeva, ma finì, verso il 1890, per cimentarsi nelle sue prime opere sintetiste.
Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter
Nel 1893 eseguì con gli amici le scenografie per il Théâtre de l'Œuvre fondato dall’amico Lugné-Poe. Negli anni seguenti parteciperà al Salon des Indépendants e al Salon d'Automne del quale fu uno dei fondatori. Preparò pannelli decorativi per le case di alcuni dei suoi amici: Alexandre Natanson, Claude Anet e Vaquez. A Ginevra dipingerà decorazioni per il palazzo delle Società delle Nazioni, a Parigi per il Palais de Chaillot e per il foyer della Comédie des Champs Elysées.
Nel 1940 Vuillard fu costretto a lasciare Parigi a seguito dell’avanzata tedesca e, nel corso del viaggio, morì a La Baule. Il suo corpo venne inumato nel Cimitero dei Batignolles, a Parigi.
Édouard Vuillard 1868-1940 | French Post-Impressionist Nabi painter