Textual description of firstImageUrl

William Turner (1775-1851) | Romantic painter


J.M.W. Turner, in full Joseph Mallord William Turner, (born April 23, 1775, London, England - died December 19, 1851, London), English Romantic landscape painter whose expressionistic studies of light, colour, and atmosphere were unmatched in their range and sublimity.
Turner was perhaps the greatest landscapist of the 19th century.
Although brought up in the academic traditions of the 18th century, he became a pioneer in the study of light, colour, and atmosphere.

William Turner 1775-1851 | British Romantic landscape painter

He anticipated the French Impressionists in breaking down conventional formulas of representation; but, unlike them, he believed that his works should always express significant historical, mythological, literary, or other narrative themes.
A line of development can be traced from his early historical landscapes that form settings for important human subjects to his later concentration on the dramatic aspects of sea and sky. Even without figures, these late works are expressions of important subjects: the relationship of man to his environment, the power of nature as manifested in the terror of the storm or the beneficence of the sun.
Unmatched in his time in the range of his development, Turner was also unrivaled in the breadth of his subject matter and the searching innovation of his stylistic treatment.


Early in the 19th century, Turner was strongly criticized by conservative critics for his dynamic compositions and high-keyed colour.
By the end of his life, although his Venetian subjects and more finished watercolours still appealed to some purchasers, his concern with atmospheric effects had developed along lines that departed from the trend in contemporary taste for realism and high finish, typified by the popularity of complex narrative painting.
Turner’s growing reputation in the second half of the 19th century was in fact largely due to the championship of the influential English art critic John Ruskin, who published the first part of Modern Painters in 1843 to prove Turner’s superiority to all previous landscape painters and to extol his accurate rendering of natural appearance.
In the 20th century a new appreciation of the abstract qualities of Turner’s late colour compositions strengthened his status as one of the most innovative and technically gifted painters of his century. | © Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.























































Joseph Mallord William Turner 1775-1851 è stato un pittore inglese. Appartenente al movimento Romantico ed il suo stile ha posto le basi per la nascita dell'Impressionismo.
Nonostante ai suoi tempi fosse visto come una figura controversa, attualmente è considerato l'artista che ha elevato l'arte della pittura paesaggistica ad un livello tale da poter competere con la maggiormente considerata pittura storica.
Anche se è diventato famoso per le sue opere ad olio, Turner è anche stato uno dei più grandi maestri britannici nella realizzazione di paesaggi all'acquerello. È conosciuto con il soprannome di Il pittore della luce.
La luce per Turner rappresentava l'emanazione dello spirito divino e questo è il motivo per cui nei suoi ultimi quadri trascurò di rappresentare oggetti solidi ed i loro dettagli, concentrandosi sui giochi di luce riflessi dall'acqua e sullo splendore dei cieli e del fuoco.
Anche se questi ultimi lavori potrebbero sembrare di tipo impressionista, facendo di lui un precursore della scuola francese, Turner stava sforzandosi di ricercare un modo di esprimere la spiritualità nel mondo piuttosto che limitarsi a fornire un'interpretazione artistica ai fenomeni ottici. "Il sole è Dio" - disse poco prima di morire.







Nessun commento:

Posta un commento

Info sulla Privacy

Aiutaci a crescere con una donazione con con Paypal