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Sir Edward John Poynter (1836-1919) Classicist painter

Sir Edward John Poynter, 1st Baronet GCVO, PRA was an English painter🎨, designer and draughtsman who served as President of the Royal Academy.
Poynter was the son of architect Ambrose Poynter. He was born in Paris, though his parents returned to Britain soon after.
He was educated at Brighton College and Ipswich School, but left school early for reasons of ill health, spending winters in Madeira and Rome.
In 1853, he met Frederick Leighton🎨 in Rome, who made a great impression on the 17-year-old Poynter.

Sir Edward John Poynter 1836-1919 | British Classical painter

On his return to London he studied at Leigh's Academy in Newman Street and the Royal Academy Schools, before going to Paris to study in the studio of the classicist painter Charles Gleyre where James McNeill Whistler🎨 and George du Maurier were fellow-students.
In 1866 Poynter married the famous beauty Agnes MacDonald, daughter of the Rev G B MacDonald of Wolverhampton, and they had three children.
Her sister Georgiana married the artist Edward Burne-Jones; her sister Alice was the mother of writer Rudyard Kipling; and her sister Louisa was the mother of three-times Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Stanley Baldwin.

Poynter became best known for his large historical paintings such as Israel in Egypt (1867; Guildhall Art Gallery, London), followed by St George for England (1869), a mosaic for the Central Lobby of the Palace of Westminster, depicting St George and the Dragon and perhaps culminating with "The visit of the Queen of Sheba to King Solomon" (1884-90; Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney).

He was admitted as an associate of the Royal Academy in 1869.
Poynter held a number of official posts: he was the first Slade Professor at University College London from 1871-1875, principal of the National Art Training School from 1875-1881 and director of the National Gallery from 1894-1904 (overseeing the opening of the Tate Gallery).
He became a full Royal Academician in 1876.

In 1896, on the death of Sir John Millais, Poynter was elected President of the Academy.
He received a knighthood in the same year and an honorary degree from Cambridge University in 1898.
It was announced that he would receive a baronetcy in the 1902 Coronation Honours list published on 26 June 1902 for the coronation of King Edward VII, and on 24 July 1902 he was created a Baronet, of Albert gate, in the city of Westminster, in the county of London.

Sir Edward John Poynter 1836-1919 | British Classical painter

It appears from the subjects of his paintings (King Solomon and King Solomon's Temple) and his association with Kipling that he was a Freemason.
Prints of his painting The visit of the Queen of Sheba to King Solomon are to be found in many Masonic Lodges around the world.
Poynter's old school, Brighton College held an exhibition of Poynter's paintings and drawings entitled 'Life at Arms Length' in its Burstow Gallery in November-December 1995. | © Wikipedia

Sir Edward John Poynter 1836-1919 | British Classical painter

Visit of the Queen of Sheba, 1871-1875

Sir Edward John Poynter è stato un pittore Inglese🎨, esponente del Neoclassicismo Vittoriano.
Pur essendo solo pochi anni più giovane rispetto alla generazione degli artisti vittoriani, Poynter sopravvisse ai suoi grandi contemporanei.
Infatti, Poynter era seconda solo al Lord Frederic Leighton 1830-1896🎨.
Dopo aver visitato Roma, studiò a Parigi (1856-1859) presso M.-Ch.-G. Gleyre, interessandosi al classicismo.
Nel 1860, Poynter inizia la carriera a Londra, che gli portò molti riconoscimenti.
Espose dal 1861, alla Royal Academy, di cui divenne membro nel 1877 e Presidente dal 1896-1914.
La sua pittura storica, caratterizzata da una viva capacità narrativa, divenne poi formalmente accademica.
Fu anche professore di storia dell'arte nell'University College di Londra e direttore della National Gallery dal 1894-1904.

Sir Edward John Poynter 1836-1919 | British Classical painter

Sir Edward John Poynter 1836-1919 | British Classical painter

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