04/08/12 Aggiornato il:

John Singer Sargent | Edwardian Era painter



John Singer Sargent [1856-1925] was an american artist, considered the "leading portrait painter of his generation" for his evocations of Edwardian Era luxury.
- The Edwardian Period corresponds to the French Belle Époque period. Despite its brief pre-eminence, the period is characterised by its own unique architectural style, fashion, and lifestyle. Art Nouveau had a particularly strong influence. Artists were influenced by the development of the automobile and electricity, and a greater awareness of human rights.
During his career, he created roughly 900 oil paintings and more than 2.000 watercolors, as well as countless sketches and charcoal drawings. His oeuvre documents worldwide travel, from Venice to the Tyrol, Corfu, the Middle East, Montana, Maine and Florida.

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

Antonio Mancini 1852-1930 by John Singer Sargent 1856-1925
Antonio Mancini 1852-1930 by John Singer Sargent 1856-1925
John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

Born in Florence in 1856 to expatriate American parents, John Singer Sargent received his first formal art instruction in Rome in 1868, and sporadically attended the Accademia delle Belle Arti in Florence between 1870-1873. In 1874 he was accepted at the Paris studio of the portraitist Emile-Auguste Carolus-Duran, and the next fall entered the Ecole des Beaux-Arts to study drawing. He began to exhibit at the Salon in 1877. Over the next few years several experiences had a significant impact on Sargent's artistic development: during a trip to Spain in 1879 he copied paintings by Velázquez at the Prado; in 1880 he visited Belgium and Holland, where he copied works by Frans Hals; and in 1881 he met James McNeill Whistler in Venice.

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

During the 1870-1880, Sargent painted genre scenes, based in part on his travels to Spain and Venice, but it was his remarkable skills as a portraitist upon which his reputation rested. The scandal caused by Sargent's daring portrait of Madame Gautreau at the Salon of 1884 precipitated his departure to London the following year. In England, Sargent's style of working was seen as peculiarly French. In 1885 he joined Francis David Millet in the Worcestershire village of Broadway, where he began his masterpiece of english impressionism, Carnation, Lily, Lily, Rose. By 1886, he had made London his permanent home. A year later, Sargent visited and worked with Monet at Giverny, and made his first professional trip to America, where the demand for his portraiture brought him considerable fame.

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

In 1897 he was elected an academician at the National Academy of Design, New York, and the Royal Academy of Art, London, and he was made a member of the Legion of Honor in France.
By the turn of the century Sargent was recognized as the most acclaimed international society portraitist of the Edwardian era, and his clientele included the most affluent, aristocratic, and fashionable people of his time. Sargent chafed in later life at the limitations of portraiture, and around the turn of the century he worked increasingly at other subjects and in other mediums, particularly watercolor, in which he was extraordinarily gifted. Although an expatriate who lived in London, Sargent was committed to America's cultural development and executed important mural decorations for the Boston Public Library 1890-1919, the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston 1916-1925 and Harvard University's Widener Library 1921-1922. He died in London in 1925.

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism - Madame X

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent (Firenze, 12 gennaio 1856 - Londra, 17 aprile 1925) è stato un pittore Statunitense.
John Singer Sargent nacque a Firenze il 12 gennaio 1856; due anni prima suo padre, un medico statunitense, e sua madre, anch'ella statunitense, si erano trasferiti in Europa da Filadelfia.
Sargent mostrò fin da bambino un notevole talento pittorico e nel 1873 seguì i corsi all'Accademia di Belle Arti di Firenze.
Nel 1874 si trasferì a Parigi, dove studiò inizialmente, insieme a James Carroll Beckwith, sotto la guida di Carolus Duran, che gli fece conoscere la pittura degli impressionisti, e successivamente all'Académie des beaux-arts.
Pur non diventando mai un vero e proprio impressionista, Sargent rimase molto attratto da questo movimento, cercando di ricrearne la sensibilità nelle sue opere successive.
Nel 1876 compì il suo primo viaggio negli Stati Uniti.
Nel 1878 venne accettato per la prima volta al Salon e cominciò a farsi conoscere dalla critica. Durante l'estate si recò in Campania, prima a Napoli, poi a Capri, dove ebbe modo di conoscere e apprezzare la pittura di Antonio Mancini e Francesco Paolo Michetti, dei quali subì l'influenza. Con Mancini in particolare instaurò un fertile rapporto di amicizia che sfociò in un intenso scambio artistico, riportato all'attenzione degli studiosi in un saggio di Manuel Carrera pubblicato sulla rivista "Storia dell'Arte": Antonio Mancini si recò a Londra nel 1901 su consiglio del collega, il quale lo introdusse all'alta società inglese, procurandogli importanti commissioni per ritratti ufficiali di personalità per cui lo stesso Sargent aveva già lavorato.
Nel 1879 si recò in Spagna, dove rimase colpito dai dipinti di Diego Velázquez, e nei Paesi Bassi, dove ammirò le composizioni di Frans Hals: questi artisti, insieme a Édouard Manet, ebbero una fortissima influenza sul suo stile.
Nel 1884 si ripresentò al Salon, ma ricevette così tante critiche da decidere di trasferirsi in Inghilterra.
Qui incontrò altri pittori e scrittori statunitensi, tra cui Edwin Austin Abbey ed Henry James, che contribuirono a formare il suo stile maturo.
Fu in questo periodo che cominciò la sua notevole successo commerciale e la sua affermazione professionale: specializzandosi soprattutto nel ritratto a valenza psicologica, ottenne un grandissimo successo presso l'aristocrazia e l'alta borghesia europea ed americana.
Nel 1886 allestì uno studio a Londra, nell'elegante quartiere di Chelsea.
Nel 1887 tornò per la seconda volta negli Stati Uniti, dipingendo ritratti e grandi cicli di pitture murali in edifici pubblici a Boston e a New York.
Nel 1889 ricevette il Gran Premio all'Esposizione Universale di Parigi e fu nominato cavaliere della Legione d'Onore.
Nel 1894 fu nominato associato alla Royal Academy di Londra e nel 1897 ne divenne membro effettivo.
Negli anni successivi continuò a viaggiare, a dipingere e ad esporre i suoi quadri nelle sedi più prestigiose in Francia, in Inghilterra e negli Stati Uniti. In particolare rilevanti i suoi viaggi in Italia, durante i quali, nel 1913, soggiornò sul lago di Garda, dipingendo una serie di acquarelli molto interessanti per impostazione e taglio dell'immagine a San Vigilio (molto notevoli quelli legati al caratteristico porticciolo in pietra). Di grande valore anche le serie di acquerelli realizzati in occasione dei diversi soggiorni a Venezia, città cui Sargent fu sempre legato.
Morì a Londra il 15 aprile 1925 all'età di 69 anni.

Amava dire di sé: «Sono un americano nato in Italia, educato in Francia, che parla inglese, sembro un tedesco e dipingo come uno spagnolo». | Wikipedia

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 | American Impressionism

John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 by Giovanni Boldini 1842-1931
John Singer Sargent 1856-1925 by Giovanni Boldini 1842-1931