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Aman-Jean (1858-1936) | Symbolist painter






Edmond Aman-Jean was a French🎨 symbolist painter, who co-founded the Salon des Tuileries in 1923.

Life

His father was the owner and operator of an industrial lime kiln. He had his first art lessons with Henri Lehmann🎨 at the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts, where he shared a workshop with Georges Seurat. He also befriended the Symbolist painters🎨, Alphonse Osbert and Alexandre Séon.

Georges Seurat🎨 | Portrait of Edmond Aman-Jean

In 1886, he obtained a travelling scholarship and went to Italy, together with Henri-Jean Guillaume Martin and Ernest Laurent; studying the Old Masters.
Along with Seurat, he worked as an assistant to Puvis de Chavannes🎨, helping him to realize several of his murals.
In 1892, he painted a portrait of the poet, Paul Verlaine🎨, during his convalescence for syphilis at the Hôpital Broussais in the 14th arrondissement of Paris. Verlaine dedicated a sonnet to him and they remained good friends until Verlaine's death in 1896.
He was also one of the first to recognize Joséphin Péladan as an important artist and exhibited at one of the first showings held at the Salon de la Rose + Croix. Later, he became an important teacher in his own right.
His students included Charles Sydney Hopkinson, Theodor Pallady and Nicolae Tonitza.
In 1923, together with Albert Besnard and Auguste Rodin🎨, he helped create the Salon des Tuileries.



Ten years later, he was named a Commander in the Legion of Honour🎨.
In 1892, he married Thadée Jacquet, the daughter of an Imperial Prefect, who was also a painter. They had two children, François, who became a well-known writer, and Céline, who was a painter and illustrator.

Art

Aman-Jean established his reputation primarily for his portraits, especially of female subjects; he was also noted for his murals in public and official buildings, including the Sorbonne.
Like many French artists of his generation, he was influenced by the new perspectives on Japanese art current in Paris in his day; more unusually, he was interested in the Pre-Raphaelite artists in England.
He was a close friend of Georges Seurat🎨; the two artists shared a Paris studio in 1879. Art historian Robert Herbert called Seurat's portrait of Aman-Jean🎨, "one of the great portrait drawings of the nineteenth century".
It was the first work Seurat showed, at the Paris Salon in 1883. Aman-Jean also worked in lithography and printmaking and designed posters. | © Wikipedia




















Edmond-François Aman-Jean (Chevry-Cossigny, 13 gennaio 1858 - Parigi, 25 gennaio 1936) è stato un pittore, incisore e critico d'arte Francese🎨.

Biografia

Studiò alla Scuola di Belle Arti di Henri Lehmann🎨, un allievo di Ingres, insieme con Georges Seurat🎨, con il quale condivise poi l'atelier.
Fu amico anche di Alphonse Osbert e di Alexandre Séon. Nel 1886 insieme con Henri Martin🎨 e Ernest Laurent andò in Italia per studiarvi la pittura medievale, assecondando il proprio gusto per gli antichi. Ammiratore di Puvis de Chavannes🎨, si ritrova il suo influsso nella Sainte Geneviève, ora al Museo di Brest.


Avvicinatosi ai simbolisti, dipinge il Verlaine all'ospedale Broussais a testimonianza della loro amicizia: Verlaine🎨 gli dedica un sonetto e soggiornerà spesso presso l'artista.
Fu tra i primi a rispondere positivamente a Joséphin Péladan, al quale scrisse nel 1892: «Siete il solo in Francia a poter parlare di estetica e di arte», ed espose ai due primi Salons dell'estetica rosacrociana.
Sposò Thadée Jacquet, figlia di un prefetto del III Impero e pittrice anch'ella.
Nel 1894 fu insegnante di Birger Sandzén.


Dopo aver condiviso con Seurat🎨 e Séon le teorie cromatiche e divisioniste, praticò presto un sintetismo utilizzando colori sordi e tenui, con un forte interesse per la decorazione. la sua ispirazione si concentra su figure di donne sognanti, languide e raffinate, colte in pose che vogliono esprimere il piacere della confidenza e dell'amicizia esclusiva.
Nel 1896 Gustave Geffroy rilevava come le figure di Aman-Jean fossero ravvivate da un dettaglio, un fiore nel corsetto o nei capelli, gli occhi un poco umidi, incavati come pietre preziose nel viso. | © Wikipedia





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