Visualizzazione post con etichetta Art Movements and Styles. Mostra tutti i post
Visualizzazione post con etichetta Art Movements and Styles. Mostra tutti i post
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Michel-Eugène Chevreul | Color theory, 1839

Michel-Eugène Chevreul, (born Aug. 31, 1786, Angers, France - died April 9, 1889, Paris), French chemist who elucidated the chemical composition of animal fats and whose theories of colour influenced the techniques of French painting.

Background And Education

Chevreul belonged to a family of surgeons. After receiving a private education during the French Revolution, in 1799 Chevreul entered a new scientific school in Angers.
In 1803 he left for Paris, intending to become a chemist. Nicolas Vauquelin, professor of chemistry at the Museum of Natural History, accepted him as his assistant.
Vauquelin wanted to isolate substances from animal and plant materials, and under his direction between 1807-1811 Chevreul isolated several coloured substances from woods, three of which (brazilin, hematoxylin, and quercetin) became commercial dye ingredients.

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Timeline of Art History

An Art Period is a phase in the development of the work of an artist, groups of artists or art movement.
The history of art is immense and the earliest cave paintings pre-date writing by almost 27,000 years!

Ancient Classical art

Minoan art

Ancient Greek art

Roman art

Ancient Egyptian colors

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Il Verismo, la pittura degli umili

Filippo Palizzi (Italian, 1818-1899) | Girl on the rock in Sorrento, 1871

The "Verismo" (meaning "realism", from Italian vero, meaning "true") refers to a 19th-century Italian painting🎨 style. This style was practiced most characteristically by the Macchiaioli group of painters🎨, who were forerunners of the French Impressionists.
The link pin between European verismo in painting and the States could be considered to be the work of John Singer Sargent🎨, in regard to technique, but not in comments on the working classes.

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Grand Prix de Rome (1663-1968) | Art history

Dea Roma, Viale Trinità dei Monti, Villa Medici, Roma

Prix de Rome, in full Grand Prix de Rome, any of a group of scholarships awarded🎨 by the French government between 1663-1968 to enable young French artists🎨 to study in Rome.
It was so named because the students who won the grand, or first, prize in each artistic category went to study at the Académie de France in Rome.

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Plein Air painting style

Renoir🎨 - Monet🎨 painting in his garden at Argenteuil, 1873

En Plein Air painting, in its strictest sense, the practice of painting landscape pictures out-of-doors; more loosely, the achievement of an intense impression of the open air (French: plein air) in a landscape painting.
Until the time of the painters of the Barbizon school in mid-19th-century France, it was normal practice to execute rough sketches of landscape subjects in the open air and produce finished paintings in the studio. Part of this was a matter of convenience.
Before the invention of the collapsible tin paint tube, widely marketed by the colour merchants Winsor Newton in 1841, painters purchased their colours in the form of ground pigment and mixed them fresh with an appropriate medium such as oil.

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Ancient Egypt

The culture and monuments of ancient Egypt🎨 have left a lasting legacy on the world. The cult of the goddess Isis, for example, became popular in the Roman Empire, as obelisks and other relics were transported back to Rome.
The Romans also imported building materials from Egypt to erect Egyptian-style structures. Early historians such as Herodotus, Strabo, and Diodorus Siculus studied and wrote about the land, which Romans came to view as a place of mystery.

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Ancient Egypt / La Civiltà Egizia

Ancient | Egyptian painting and sculpture

Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in what is now the modern country of Egypt. It is one of six civilizations to arise independently.
Egyptian civilization followed prehistoric Egypt and coalesced around 3150 BC (according to conventional Egyptian chronology) with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the first pharaoh Narmer (commonly referred to as Menes).

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Mannerism Art | Sitemap

Giuseppe Arcimboldo🎨 | The librarian

Mannerism is a style in European art that emerged in the later years of the Italian🎨 High Renaissance🎨 around 1520, lasting until about 1580 in Italy, when the Baroque style🎨 began to replace it. Northern Mannerism continued into the early 17th century.
Stylistically, Mannerism encompasses a variety of approaches influenced by, and reacting to, the harmonious ideals associated with artists such as Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael🎨, and early Michelangelo🎨.