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Painting flowers in the Age of Impressionism

During the 1800s, the Still Life genre was gaining the approval of contemporary critics and the public.
Perhaps the best way to appreciate the context of these paintings is to try to understand the attitudes and thoughts of the artists themselves.
The following evocative quotes from Manet, Renoir, Van Gogh,and others provide fascinating insight into how these artists felt about floral painting and the still life genre in general.

Pierre-Auguste Renoir

  • It relaxes my mind to paint flowers. I do not bring to it the same tension of spirit as when I am in front of a model. When I paint flowers, I arrange the tones, I try out different values boldly, without worrying about wasting a canvas".
  • Mi rilassa la mente dipingere fiori. Non porto ad essa la stessa tensione di spirito di quando sono di fronte a un modello. Quando dipingo fiori, organizzo i toni, provo audacemente valori diversi, senza preoccuparmi di sprecare una tela".
  • "What seems to me to be one of the most important things about our movement is that we have freed painting from the tyranny of subject-matter. I am free to paint flowers and call them flowers, without having to weave a story round them”.
  • "Ciò che mi sembra essere una delle cose più importanti del nostro movimento è che abbiamo liberato la pittura dalla tirannia della materia. Sono libero di dipingere fiori e chiamarli fiori, senza dover tessere una storia attorno a loro".

Claude Monet

  • "I must have flowers, always, and always".
  • "I am following Nature without being able to grasp her, I perhaps owe having become a painter to flowers".

Paul Gauguin

When I am able to paint again, if I have no imagination, I shall do some studies of flowers... It is a great pleasure for me."

Henri Matisse

" . . . I think that nothing is more difficult for a true painter than to paint a rose, since before he can do so, he has first to forget all the roses that were ever painted".

Durante il 1800, il genere della Natura Morta stava ottenendo l'approvazione della critica e del pubblico contemporanei.
Forse il modo migliore per apprezzare il contesto di questi dipinti è cercare di capire gli atteggiamenti e i pensieri degli artisti stessi.
Le seguenti citazioni evocative di Manet, Renoir, Van Gogh ed altri forniscono una visione affascinante di come si sentivano questi artisti riguardo alla pittura floreale ed al genere di natura morta in generale.

Vincent van Gogh

"I am working at it every morning from sunrise on, for the flowers fade so soon, and the thing is to do the whole in one rush".

Henri Fantin-Latour

  • "(T)o make a painting representing things as they are found in nature . . . (I) put a great deal of thought into the arrangement, but with the idea of making it look like a natural arrangement of random objects. This is an idea that I have been mulling over a great deal: giving the appearance of a total lack of artistry".
  • "Never have I had more ideas about Art in my head, and yet I am forced to do flowers. While painting them - standing before the peonies and roses - I think of Michelangelo. This cannot go on".

Édouard Manet

  • "(A) painter can say all he wants to with fruit or flowers or even clouds".
  • "Bring a brioche, I want to see you paint one: still life is the touchstone of painting".